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Role of the domain encompassing Arg304–Ile328 in rat P2X2 receptor conformation revealed by alterations in complex glycosylation at Asn298

Young, Mark Thomas, Zhang, Yi-Hong, Cao, Lishuang, Broomhead, Helen and Jiang, Lin-Hua 2008. Role of the domain encompassing Arg304–Ile328 in rat P2X2 receptor conformation revealed by alterations in complex glycosylation at Asn298. Biochemical Journal 416 (1) , pp. 137-143. 10.1042/BJ20081182

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Abstract

The final 25 amino acids of the ectodomain of the P2X receptors, immediately prior to the second TM (transmembrane domain) (pre-TM2: Arg304–Ile328 in rat P2X2), are highly conserved. Whole-cell patch clamp recordings showed that single cysteine substitutions in the N-terminal half of pre-TM2 (Arg304–Ile314) led to loss of function at Arg304, Leu306, Lys308 and Ile312. Cysteine substitutions within this region also resulted in a significant reduction in the apparent molecular mass of receptors, due to loss of complex glycosylation at the nearby acceptor site Asn298, which was not seen for the C-terminal portion of pre-TM2 (Asp315–Ile328). The reduction in complex glycosylation was not due to reduced cell-surface presentation, demonstrating that glycosylation at Asn298 was acting as a sensor of subtle changes in receptor conformation within the pre-TM2 region. When this N-glycan site was repositioned closer to the plasma membrane by mutagenesis (N298S together with G299N, T300N, T301N or T303N), glycosylation was restored at G299N and T300N, but was impaired for T301N and completely absent for T303N. These results suggest that the region in the vicinity of Asp315 is at the plasma membrane interface and that the N-terminal portion of pre-TM2 (Arg304–Ile314) is important for the correct conformation of the receptor at the extracellular face of the membrane.

Item Type: Article
Date Type: Publication
Status: Published
Schools: Biosciences
Subjects: Q Science > Q Science (General)
Uncontrolled Keywords: ion channel; pre-transmembrane segment 2 (TM2); topology; scanning cysteine mutagenesis
Publisher: Biochemical Society
ISSN: 0264-6021
Date of First Compliant Deposit: 30 March 2016
Last Modified: 02 May 2019 12:11
URI: http://orca.cf.ac.uk/id/eprint/22278

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