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Metabolic control analysis is helpful for informed genetic manipulation of oilseed rape (Brassica napus) to increase seed oil content

Weselake, R., Shah, S., Tang, Minhong, Quant, P. A., Snyder, C. L., Furukawa-Stoffer, T. L., Zhu, W., Taylor, D. C., Zou, J., Kumar, A., Hall, L., Laroche, A., Rakow, G., Raney, P., Moloney, M. M. and Harwood, John L. 2008. Metabolic control analysis is helpful for informed genetic manipulation of oilseed rape (Brassica napus) to increase seed oil content. Journal of Experimental Botany 59 (13) , pp. 3543-3549. 10.1093/jxb/ern206

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Abstract

Top–down control analysis (TDCA) is a useful tool for quantifying constraints on metabolic pathways that might be overcome by biotechnological approaches. Previous studies on lipid accumulation in oilseed rape have suggested that diacylglycerol acyltransferase (DGAT), which catalyses the final step in seed oil biosynthesis, might be an effective target for enhancing seed oil content. Here, increased seed oil content, increased DGAT activity, and reduced substrate:product ratio are demonstrated, as well as reduced flux control by complex lipid assembly, as determined by TDCA in Brassica napus (canola) lines which overexpress the gene encoding type-1 DGAT. Lines overexpressing DGAT1 also exhibited considerably enhanced seed oil content under drought conditions. These results support the use of TDCA in guiding the rational selection of molecular targets for oilseed modification. The most effective lines had a seed oil increase of 14%. Moreover, overexpression of DGAT1 under drought conditions reduced this environmental penalty on seed oil content.

Item Type: Article
Date Type: Publication
Status: Published
Schools: Biosciences
Subjects: Q Science > Q Science (General)
Uncontrolled Keywords: Brassica napus; control analysis; diacylglycerol acyltransferase; oil content; oilseed modification
Publisher: Oxford University Press
ISSN: 0022-0957
Last Modified: 04 Jun 2017 03:33
URI: http://orca.cf.ac.uk/id/eprint/22756

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