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Placenta growth factor, PLGF, influences the motility of lung cancer cells, the role of Rho associated kinase, Rock1

Chen, Jinfeng, Ye, Lin, Zhang, Lijian and Jiang, Wen Guo 2008. Placenta growth factor, PLGF, influences the motility of lung cancer cells, the role of Rho associated kinase, Rock1. Journal of Cellular Biochemistry 105 (1) , pp. 313-320. 10.1002/jcb.21831

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Placenta growth factor (PlGF) is a member of the VEGF family and has been implicated in the aggressive capacity of solid tumours, partly via its impact on angiogenesis. The present study determined the direct biological function of endogenous PlGF in lung cancer cells. From the human non-small cell lung cancer cell line A549 which expressed good level of PlGF, we created sublines within which PlGF expression was knockdown by way of anti-PlGF ribozyme transgenes. Remarkable reductions of both PlGF mRNA and protein by the ribozyme transgenes were revealed in A549 transfectants (A549DPlGF) using RT-PCR and Western blotting respectively. A549DPlGF cells exhibited significantly reduced migration and adhesion compared with the wild-type (A549WT) and the empty plasmid control (A549pEF/His) cells. Immunocytochemistry and Western blotting further revealed that the expression of ROCK1, Rho associated kinase, was also reduced in A549DPlGF cells, in comparison with wild-type and control cells. In addition, A549DPlGF cells lost its response to a ROCK inhibitor, which otherwise strongly inhibited the motility of A549WT and A549pEF/His cells. These data indicate that PlGF directly regulates the motility of human lung cancer cells and that this regulation critically dependent on ROCK-1. The study further indicates that PlGF is a potential therapeutic target in lung cancer.

Item Type: Article
Date Type: Publication
Status: Published
Schools: Medicine
Subjects: Q Science > QH Natural history > QH301 Biology
Q Science > QH Natural history > QH426 Genetics
R Medicine > R Medicine (General)
R Medicine > RC Internal medicine > RC0254 Neoplasms. Tumors. Oncology (including Cancer)
Uncontrolled Keywords: Placental growth factor; motility; lung cancer; ROCK
Publisher: John Wiley & Sons
ISSN: 0730-2312
Last Modified: 04 Jun 2017 03:34

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