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Performance of the revised '175' modification of diet in renal disease equation in patients with type 2 diabetes

Chudleigh, Richard A., Ollerton, R. L., Dunseath, Gareth John, Peter, R., Harvey, John Nigel, Luzio, Stephen Denis and Owens, David Raymond 2008. Performance of the revised '175' modification of diet in renal disease equation in patients with type 2 diabetes. Diabetologia 51 (9) , pp. 1714-1718. 10.1007/s00125-008-1086-9

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Abstract

Aims/hypothesis Estimation of GFR (eGFR) is recommended for the assessment of kidney function in all patients with diabetes. We studied performance of the traditional ‘186’ Modification of Diet in Renal Disease (MDRD) equation, and the 2005 revised ‘175’ MDRD equation in patients with type 2 diabetes. Methods Two hundred and ninety-three mainly normoalbuminuric (267/293) patients were recruited. Patients were classified as having mild renal impairment (group 1, GFR <90 ml min−1 1.73 m−2) or normal renal function (group 2, GFR ≥90 ml min−1 1.73 m−2). eGFR was calculated by the traditional 186 MDRD equation using traditional creatinine values and the revised 175 MDRD equation using isotope dilution mass spectrometry-standardised creatinine values. Isotopic GFR was measured by the four-sample plasma clearance of 51Cr-EDTA. Results For patients in group 1, mean ± SD isotopic 51Cr-EDTA GFR (iGFR) was 83.8 ± 4.3 ml min−1 1.73 m−2, and eGFR was 73.2 ± 11.9 and 75.8 ± 13.7 ml min−1 1.73 m−2 using the 186 and 175 MDRD equations, respectively. Method bias was −10.6 with the 186 MDRD and −7.9 ml min−1 1.73 m−2 (p < 0.05) with the 175 MDRD equation. In group 2, iGFR was 119.4 ± 20.2 ml min−1 1.73 m−2, and eGFR was 92.3 ± 18.6 and 97.5 ± 21.6 ml min−1 1.73 m−2 using the 186 and 175 MDRD equations, respectively. Method bias was −27.1 with the 186 MDRD equation and −21.9 ml min−1 1.73 m−2 (p < 0.05) with the 175 MDRD equation. Conclusions/interpretation In patients newly diagnosed with type 2 diabetes, the revised 175 MDRD equation was less biased than the traditional 186 MDRD equation. Despite a continued tendency to underestimate isotopically measured GFR, use of standardised creatinine values is a positive step towards improved estimation of GFR.

Item Type: Article
Date Type: Publication
Status: Published
Schools: Medicine
Subjects: R Medicine > RB Pathology
Uncontrolled Keywords: eGFR, 175 MDRD equation, standardised creatinine, Type 2 diabetes
Publisher: Springer
ISSN: 0012-186X
Last Modified: 06 Jul 2019 23:47
URI: http://orca.cf.ac.uk/id/eprint/22978

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