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Human neutrophil clearance of bacterial pathogens triggers anti-microbial γδ T cell responses in early infection

Davey, Martin S., Lin, Chan-Yu, Roberts, Gareth W., Heuston, S., Brown, A. C., Chess, James Anthony, Toleman, Mark Alexander Howard, Gahan, C. G. M., Hill, C., Parish, T., Williams, John David, Davies, S. J., Johnson, D. W., Topley, Nicholas, Moser, Bernhard and Eberl, Matthias 2011. Human neutrophil clearance of bacterial pathogens triggers anti-microbial γδ T cell responses in early infection. Plos Pathogens 7 (5) , e1002040. 10.1371/journal.ppat.1002040

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Abstract

Human blood Vγ9/Vδ2 T cells, monocytes and neutrophils share a responsiveness toward inflammatory chemokines and are rapidly recruited to sites of infection. Studying their interaction in vitro and relating these findings to in vivo observations in patients may therefore provide crucial insight into inflammatory events. Our present data demonstrate that Vγ9/Vδ2 T cells provide potent survival signals resulting in neutrophil activation and the release of the neutrophil chemoattractant CXCL8 (IL-8). In turn, Vγ9/Vδ2 T cells readily respond to neutrophils harboring phagocytosed bacteria, as evidenced by expression of CD69, interferon (IFN)-γ and tumor necrosis factor (TNF)-α. This response is dependent on the ability of these bacteria to produce the microbial metabolite (E)-4-hydroxy-3-methyl-but-2-enyl pyrophosphate (HMB-PP), requires cell-cell contact of Vγ9/Vδ2 T cells with accessory monocytes through lymphocyte function-associated antigen-1 (LFA-1), and results in a TNF-α dependent proliferation of Vγ9/Vδ2 T cells. The antibiotic fosmidomycin, which targets the HMB-PP biosynthesis pathway, not only has a direct antibacterial effect on most HMB-PP producing bacteria but also possesses rapid anti-inflammatory properties by inhibiting γδ T cell responses in vitro. Patients with acute peritoneal-dialysis (PD)-associated bacterial peritonitis – characterized by an excessive influx of neutrophils and monocytes into the peritoneal cavity – show a selective activation of local Vγ9/Vδ2 T cells by HMB-PP producing but not by HMB-PP deficient bacterial pathogens. The γδ T cell-driven perpetuation of inflammatory responses during acute peritonitis is associated with elevated peritoneal levels of γδ T cells and TNF-α and detrimental clinical outcomes in infections caused by HMB-PP positive microorganisms. Taken together, our findings indicate a direct link between invading pathogens, neutrophils, monocytes and microbe-responsive γδ T cells in early infection and suggest novel diagnostic and therapeutic approaches.

Item Type: Article
Date Type: Publication
Status: Published
Schools: Medicine
Systems Immunity Research Institute (SIURI)
Subjects: R Medicine > R Medicine (General)
R Medicine > RA Public aspects of medicine > RA0421 Public health. Hygiene. Preventive Medicine
Publisher: Public Library of Science
ISSN: 1553-7366
Date of First Compliant Deposit: 30 March 2016
Last Modified: 07 Apr 2019 00:23
URI: http://orca.cf.ac.uk/id/eprint/23005

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Cited 74 times in Scopus. View in Scopus. Powered By Scopus® Data

Cited 52 times in Web of Science. View in Web of Science.

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