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Delineating the Hemostaseome as an aid to individualize the analysis of the hereditary basis of thrombotic and bleeding disorders

Fechtel, Kim, Osterbur, Marika L., Kehrer-Sawatzki, Hildegard, Stenson, Peter Daniel and Cooper, David Neil 2011. Delineating the Hemostaseome as an aid to individualize the analysis of the hereditary basis of thrombotic and bleeding disorders. Human Genetics 130 (1) , pp. 149-166. 10.1007/s00439-011-0984-y

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Abstract

Next-generation sequencing and genome-wide association studies represent powerful tools to identify genetic variants that confer disease risk within populations. On their own, however, they cannot provide insight into how these variants contribute to individual risk for diseases that exhibit complex inheritance, or alternatively confer health in a given individual. Even in the case of well-characterized variants that confer a significant disease risk, more healthy individuals carry the variant, with no apparent ill effect, than those who manifest disease. Access to low-cost genome sequence data promises to provide an unprecedentedly detailed view of the nature of the hereditary component of complex diseases, but requires the large-scale comparison of sequence data from individuals with and without disease to deliver a clinical calibration. The provision of informatics support remains problematic as there are currently no means to interpret the data generated. Here, we initiate this process, a prerequisite for such a study, by narrowing the focus from an entire genome to that of a single biological system. To this end, we examine the 'Hemostaseome,' and more specifically focus on DNA sequence changes pertaining to those human genes known to impact upon hemostasis and thrombosis that can be analyzed coordinately, and on an individual basis, to interrogate how specific combinations of variants act to confer disease predisposition. As a first step, we delineate known members of the Hemostaseome and explore the nature of the genetic variants that may cause disease in individuals whose hemostatic balance has become shifted toward either a prothrombotic or anticoagulant phenotype.

Item Type: Article
Date Type: Publication
Status: Published
Schools: Medicine
Subjects: Q Science > QH Natural history > QH426 Genetics
R Medicine > R Medicine (General)
Additional Information: From the issue entitled "Special Issue on Personalized Medicine"
Publisher: Springer
ISSN: 0340-6717
Last Modified: 04 Jun 2017 03:35
URI: http://orca.cf.ac.uk/id/eprint/23180

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