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Analysis of NF1 somatic mutations in cutaneous neurofibromas from patients with high tumor burden

Thomas, Laura, Kluwe, Lan, Chuzhanova, Nadia, Mautner, Victor and Upadhyaya, Meena 2010. Analysis of NF1 somatic mutations in cutaneous neurofibromas from patients with high tumor burden. Neurogenetics 11 (4) , pp. 391-400. 10.1007/s10048-010-0240-y

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Abstract

Neurofibromatosis type 1, (NF1) is a complex, autosomal dominant disorder characterized by benign and malignant tumors which result from NF1 gene mutations. The molecular mechanisms that underlie NF1 tumorigenesis are still poorly understood although inactivation of other modifying loci in conjunction with NF1 mutations is postulated to be involved. These modifying loci may include deficiencies in mismatch repair genes and elements involved in cell cycle regulation (TP53, RB1, and CDKN2A). We have analyzed the somatic mutations in 89 cutaneous neurofibromas derived from three unrelated NF1 patients with high tumor burden, by loss of heterozygosity (LOH) analysis of the NF1, TP53, RB1, and CDKN2A genes, by assessing microsatellite instability (MSI), by direct sequencing of the NF1, TP53, and several mismatch repair (MMR) genes and by multiplex ligation-dependent probe amplification of the NF1 and TP53 genes. The aim was both to assess the possible clonality of these tumors and also to assess the involvement of other potential genetic loci in the development of these neurofibromas. Somatic NF1 mutations were identified in 57 (64%) of neurofibroma samples. Each mutation was distinct demonstrating the independent origin of each tumor. While somatic LOH of the TP53 gene was identified in four tumors, no specific deletions or sequence variations were identified. LOH of markers flanking the RB1 gene was also found in one tumor but no CDKN2A mutations were detected. Although evidence of MSI was seen in 21 tumors, no MMR gene alterations were identified. The identification of LOH involving TP53 and RB1 loci is a novel finding in benign cutaneous neurofibromas possibly demonstrating an alternative underlying molecular mechanism associated with the development of these benign tumors from this cohort of patients.

Item Type: Article
Date Type: Publication
Status: Published
Schools: Medicine
Subjects: R Medicine > RC Internal medicine > RC0254 Neoplasms. Tumors. Oncology (including Cancer)
Uncontrolled Keywords: NF1, germline mutations, somatic mutations, TP53, cutaneous neurofibromas
Publisher: Springer
ISSN: 1364-6745
Last Modified: 04 Jun 2017 03:35
URI: http://orca.cf.ac.uk/id/eprint/23193

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