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Protein cross-linking mediated by tissue transglutaminase correlates with the maturation of extracellular matrices during lung development

Schittny, J. C., Paulsson, M., Vallan, C., Burri, P. H., Kedei, N. and Aeschlimann, Daniel 1997. Protein cross-linking mediated by tissue transglutaminase correlates with the maturation of extracellular matrices during lung development. American Journal of Respiratory Cell and Molecular Biology 17 (3) , pp. 334-343.

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Abstract

At birth, the mammalian lung is still immature. The alveoli are not yet formed and the interairspace walls contain two capillary layers which are separated by an interstitial core. After alveolarization (first 2 postnatal weeks in rats) the alveolar septa mature: their capillary layers merge, the amount of connective tissue decreases, and the mature lung parenchyma is formed (second and third week). During the first 3 wk of life the role of tissue transglutaminase (tTG) was studied in rat lung by immunostaining of cryostat and paraffin sections, by Northern and Western blotting, and by a quantitative determination of gamma-glutamyl-epsilon-lysine. While enzyme activity and intracellular tTG were already present before term, the enzyme product (gamma-glutamyl-epsilon-lysine-crosslink) and extracellular tTG appeared between postnatal days 10 and 19 in the lung parenchyma. In large blood vessels and large airways, which mature earlier than the parenchyma, both the enzyme product and extracellular tTG had already appeared at the end of the first postnatal week. We conclude that tTG is expressed and externalized into the extracellular matrix of lung shortly before maturation of an organ area. Because tTG covalently and irreversibly crosslinks extracellular matrix proteins, we hypothesize that it may prevent or delay further remodeling of basement membranes and may stabilize other extracellular components, such as microfibrils.

Item Type: Article
Date Type: Publication
Status: Published
Schools: Dentistry
Subjects: Q Science > Q Science (General)
Publisher: American Thoracic Society
ISSN: 1044-1549
Last Modified: 04 Jun 2017 03:38
URI: http://orca.cf.ac.uk/id/eprint/23892

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