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Differentiation of ceramic chemical element composition and vessel morphology at a pottery production center in Roman Galilee

Adan-Bayewitz, D., Karasik, Avshalom, Smilansky, Uzy, Asaro, F., Giauque, R. D. and Lavidor, R. 2009. Differentiation of ceramic chemical element composition and vessel morphology at a pottery production center in Roman Galilee. Journal of Archaeological Science 36 (11) , pp. 2517-2530. 10.1016/j.jas.2009.07.004

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Cooking pots and bowls from two production locations ca. 200 m from each other at the rural settlement of Kefar Hananya in Roman Galilee were compared employing chemicalelementcomposition and vessel-shape analyses. Splits of each pulverized sample, all of which were taken from ceramic wasters, were analyzed by both instrumental neutron activation and high-precision X-ray fluorescence analyses, and computerized vessel-shape analysis was employed for morphological analysis of the same vessel forms from each location. Several statistical techniques (bivariate plots, principal component analysis, cluster analysis and discriminant analysis) were used for analyzing the resultant data. It was found that both the cooking pots and bowls made at each location could be distinguished by employing either chemicalcomposition or morphological analysis. The implications of this work, with regard to investigating both production and consumption sites, and for pottery provenance studies, are discussed. The findings suggest that these analytical techniques can be useful as an aid for chronological differentiations of archaeological pottery.

Item Type: Article
Date Type: Publication
Status: Published
Schools: Mathematics
Subjects: C Auxiliary Sciences of History > CC Archaeology
D History General and Old World > D History (General) > D051 Ancient History
Q Science > Q Science (General)
Q Science > QA Mathematics
Q Science > QA Mathematics > QA75 Electronic computers. Computer science
Q Science > QD Chemistry
Uncontrolled Keywords: Pottery production ; Intrasite differentiation ; Chemical element composition ; Vessel morphology ; Roman period; Kefar Hananya.
Publisher: Elsevier
ISSN: 0305-4403
Last Modified: 19 Mar 2016 22:42

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