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Studying post depositional damage on Acheulian bifaces using 3-D scanning

Grosman, Leore, Sharon, Gonen, Goldman-Neuman, Talia, Smikt, Oded and Smilansky, Uzy 2011. Studying post depositional damage on Acheulian bifaces using 3-D scanning. Journal of Human Evolution 60 (4) , pp. 398-406. 10.1016/j.jhevol.2010.02.004

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Abstract

In this study, we explore post-depositional damage observed on Acheulian bifacial tools by comparing two assemblages: a collection of archaeological handaxes which shows pronounced damage marks associated with high energy water accumulation system, and an experimental assemblage that was rolled and battered in a controlled simulation experiment. Scanning the two assemblages with a precise 3-D optical scanner and subjecting the measured surfaces to the same mathematical analysis enabled the development of quantitative measures assessing and comparing the degree of damage observed on archaeological and experimental tools. The method presented here enables the definition of morphological patterns typically resulting from battering and different from intentional controlled knapping. The most important kinds of damage included the formation of deep, random ‘notch-like’ scars on the lateral edges and substantial degrees of damage to the tip of the tools, but minimal damage to the artifact's butt. Quantifying the degree of damage and its location and morphological characters allows us to present a method by which post depositional damage on archaeological tools can be measured.

Item Type: Article
Date Type: Publication
Status: Published
Schools: Mathematics
Subjects: C Auxiliary Sciences of History > CC Archaeology
Q Science > Q Science (General)
Q Science > QA Mathematics
Uncontrolled Keywords: Acheulian; handaxes ; 3-D scanning ; Post depositional damage ; Morphology ; Experimental archaeology.
Additional Information: Special Issue: Early-Middle Pleistocene palaeoenvironments in the Levant
Publisher: Elsevier
ISSN: 0047-2484
Last Modified: 19 Mar 2016 22:42
URI: http://orca.cf.ac.uk/id/eprint/24478

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