Cardiff University | Prifysgol Caerdydd ORCA
Online Research @ Cardiff 
WelshClear Cookie - decide language by browser settings

The glycemic triumvirate and diabetic complications: is the whole greater than the sum of its component parts?

Monnier, Louis, Colette, Claude and Owens, David Raymond 2012. The glycemic triumvirate and diabetic complications: is the whole greater than the sum of its component parts? Diabetes Research and Clinical Practice 95 (3) , pp. 303-311. 10.1016/j.diabres.2011.10.014

Full text not available from this repository.


The dysglycemia of diabetes mellitus can be depicted as the glycemic triumvirate with its 3 main components: the sustained chronic (ambient) hyperglycemia, glucose variability and hypoglycemic episodes. The respective contributions of these glycemic disorders to the overall risk for diabetic complications remain a subject of debate. At present, there is cogent evidence for the direct deleterious effect of ambient hyperglycemia while the roles exerted by glucose variability and hypoglycemia remain less documented and only based on observational and pathophysiological studies. In addition, these 3 glycemic disorders could be regarded as components of either an additive or an initiator/accelerator model according to whether each disorder exerts an independent or inter-dependent effect on the development and progression of diabetes-related complications, respectively. In the present review, pros and cons arguments for each model are debated. However it is highly likely that these 3 glycemic disorders have both direct (spoke in a wheel) and indirect (link in a chain) causal effects on clinical cardiovascular outcomes. As a consequence, the relationship between the so-called glycemic triumvirate and diabetic complications might be summarized by the famous Aristotle's aphorism: “the whole is greater than the sum of its parts”.

Item Type: Article
Date Type: Publication
Status: Published
Schools: Medicine
Subjects: R Medicine > R Medicine (General)
Uncontrolled Keywords: glycemic triumvirate, diabetic complications, ambient hyperglycemia, glycemic variability, hypoglycemia
Publisher: Elsevier
ISSN: 0168-8227
Last Modified: 04 Jun 2017 03:40

Citation Data

Cited 24 times in Google Scholar. View in Google Scholar

Cited 43 times in Scopus. View in Scopus. Powered By Scopus® Data

Actions (repository staff only)

Edit Item Edit Item