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Real time detection of peptide-MHC dissociation reveals that improvement of primary MHC-binding residues can have a minimal, or no, effect on stability

Miles, Kim Michelle, Miles, John James, Madura, Florian, Sewell, Andrew K. and Cole, David 2011. Real time detection of peptide-MHC dissociation reveals that improvement of primary MHC-binding residues can have a minimal, or no, effect on stability. Molecular Immunology 48 (4) , pp. 728-732. 10.1016/j.molimm.2010.11.004

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Abstract

The majority of known major histocompatibility complex class I (MHCI)-associated tumor-derived peptide antigens do not contain an optimal motif for MHCI binding. As a result, anchor residue-modified 'heteroclitic' peptides have been widely used in therapeutic cancer vaccination trials in order to enhance immune responsiveness. In general, the improved stability of these heteroclitic complexes has been inferred from their improved immunogenicity but has not been formally assessed. Here, we investigated the binding of 4 HLA A*0201-restricted tumor-derived peptides and their commonly used heteroclitic variants. We utilized a cell surface binding assay and a novel robust method for testing the durability of soluble recombinant pMHCI in real time by surface plasmon resonance. Surprisingly, we show that heteroclitic peptides designed with optimal MHC binding motifs do not always form pMHCs that are substantially more stable than their wildtype progenitors. These findings, combined with our recent discovery that TCRs can distinguish between wildtype peptides and those altered at a primary buried MHC anchor residue, suggest that altered TCR binding may account for a large part of the increased immune response that can be generated by anchor residue-modified ligands. Our results further highlight the fact that heteroclitic peptide-based immune interventions require careful evaluation to ensure that wildtype antigen specificity is maintained in vivo.

Item Type: Article
Date Type: Publication
Status: Published
Schools: Medicine
Systems Immunity Research Institute (SIURI)
Subjects: R Medicine > R Medicine (General)
R Medicine > RC Internal medicine > RC0254 Neoplasms. Tumors. Oncology (including Cancer)
R Medicine > RM Therapeutics. Pharmacology
Uncontrolled Keywords: Surface plasmon resonance (SPR); Peptide–major histocompatibility complex (pMHC); Heteroclitic anchor residue-modified peptide; pMHC stability; T-cells; Cancer vaccines
Publisher: Elsevier
ISSN: 0161-5890
Last Modified: 04 Jun 2017 03:44
URI: http://orca.cf.ac.uk/id/eprint/25618

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