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Geographical simulation modelling for the regional planning of oral and maxillofacial surgery across London

Harper, Paul Robert, Phillips, S. and Gallagher, J. E. 2005. Geographical simulation modelling for the regional planning of oral and maxillofacial surgery across London. Journal of the Operational Research Society 56 (2) , pp. 134-143. 10.1057/palgrave.jors.2601898

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Abstract

Oral and maxillofacial surgery (OMFS) is a recognized surgical specialty, with its foundations in dentistry. The current configuration of OMFS services across London has evolved over time and reflects historical rather than contemporary patterns of care. The creation of a London Health Region in 1998 provided the opportunity for rational planning of hospital services to serve the resident population of London (7.2 million) and beyond, with recent change focusing on London's five sectors that are represented within this planning model. A detailed geographical simulation model has been developed and has enabled planners to consider a number of OMFS service configurations and evaluate their impact on providers, variations in caseload, travelling distances and times for patients, and thus inform consultation over change. The research confirms that any in-patient service rationalization which concentrates care in one designated hub (main centre) per sector, involves a significant increase in caseload for the designated hub. Average travelling distances and times for in-patient admissions also increase significantly. However, it does suggest that current commissioned provision of day surgery patterns may not be well aligned to the geographical distribution of need for services, resulting in many patients travelling further than necessary for day surgery treatment. These may be overcome by sending patients to their local centre, which may be out with their sector of residence.

Item Type: Article
Date Type: Publication
Status: Published
Schools: Mathematics
Subjects: G Geography. Anthropology. Recreation > GA Mathematical geography. Cartography
Q Science > QA Mathematics
R Medicine > R Medicine (General)
Publisher: Palgrave Macmillan
ISSN: 0160-5682
Last Modified: 04 Jun 2017 03:47
URI: http://orca.cf.ac.uk/id/eprint/26470

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