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Altered cerebellar feedback projections in Asperger syndrome

Catani, Marco, Jones, Derek K., Daly, Eileen, Embiricos, Nitzia, Deeley, Quinton, Pugliese, Luca, Curran, Sarah, Robertson, Dene and Murphy, Declan G. M. 2008. Altered cerebellar feedback projections in Asperger syndrome. NeuroImage 41 (4) , pp. 1184-1191. 10.1016/j.neuroimage.2008.03.041

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It has been proposed that the biological basis of autism spectrum disorder includes cerebellar ‘disconnection’. However, direct in vivo evidence in support of this is lacking. Here, the microstructural integrity of cerebellar white matter in adults with Asperger syndrome was studied using diffusion tensor magnetic resonance tractography. Fifteen adults with Asperger syndrome and 16 age–IQ–gender-matched healthy controls underwent diffusion tensor magnetic resonance imaging. For each subject, tract-specific measurements of mean diffusivity and fractional anisotropy were made within the inferior, middle, superior cerebellar peduncles and short intracerebellar fibres. No group differences were observed in mean diffusivity. However, people with Asperger syndrome had significantly lower fractional anisotropy in the short intracerebellar fibres (p < 0.001) and right superior cerebellar (output) peduncle (p < 0.001) compared to controls; but no difference in the input tracts. Severity of social impairment, as measured by the Autistic Diagnostic Interview, was negatively correlated with diffusion anisotropy in the fibres of the left superior cerebellar peduncle. These findings suggest a vulnerability of specific cerebellar neural pathways in people with Asperger syndrome. The localised abnormalities in the main cerebellar outflow pathway may prevent the cerebral cortex from receiving those cerebellar feedback inputs necessary for a successful adaptive social behaviour.

Item Type: Article
Date Type: Publication
Status: Published
Schools: Cardiff University Brain Research Imaging Centre (CUBRIC)
Subjects: B Philosophy. Psychology. Religion > BF Psychology
R Medicine > RC Internal medicine > RC0321 Neuroscience. Biological psychiatry. Neuropsychiatry
Uncontrolled Keywords: Asperger; Cerebellum; White matter; Diffusion tensor; Tractography; Autism
Publisher: Elsevier
ISSN: 1053-8119
Last Modified: 04 Jun 2017 03:47

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