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EEG signatures of auditory activity correlate with simultaneously recorded fMRI responses in humans

Mayhew, Stephen D., Dirckx, Sharon G., Niazy, Rami K., Iannetti, Gian D. and Wise, Richard Geoffrey 2010. EEG signatures of auditory activity correlate with simultaneously recorded fMRI responses in humans. NeuroImage 49 (1) , pp. 849-864. 10.1016/j.neuroimage.2009.06.080

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We recorded auditory-evoked potentials (AEPs) during simultaneous, continuous fMRI and identified trial-to-trial correlations between the amplitude of electrophysiological responses, characterised in the time domain and the time–frequency domain, and the hemodynamic BOLD response. Cortical AEPs were recorded from 30 EEG channels within the 3 T MRI scanner with and without the collection of simultaneous BOLD fMRI. Focussing on the Cz (vertex) EEG response, single-trial AEP responses were measured from time-domain waveforms. Furthermore, a novel method was used to characterise the single-trial AEP response within three regions of interest in the time–frequency domain (TF-ROIs). The latency and amplitude values of the N1 and P2 AEP peaks during fMRI scanning were not significantly different from the Control session (p > 0.16). BOLD fMRI responses to the auditory stimulation were observed in bilateral secondary auditory cortices as well as in the right precentral and postcentral gyri, anterior cingulate cortex (ACC) and supplementary motor cortex (SMC). Significant single-trial correlations were observed with a voxel-wise analysis, between (1) the magnitude of the EEG TF-ROI1 (70–800 ms post-stimulus, 1–5 Hz) and the BOLD response in right primary (Heschl's gyrus) and secondary (STG, planum temporale) auditory cortex; and (2) the amplitude of the P2 peak and the BOLD response in left pre- and postcentral gyri, the ACC and SMC. No correlation was observed with single-trial N1 amplitude on a voxel-wise basis. An fMRI-ROI analysis of functionally-identified auditory responsive regions identified further single-trial correlations of BOLD and EEG responses. The TF amplitudes in TF-ROI1 and TF-ROI2 (20–400 ms post-stimulus, 5–15 Hz) were significantly correlated with the BOLD response in all bilateral auditory areas investigated (planum temporale, superior temporal gyrus and Heschl's gyrus). However the N1 and P2 peak amplitudes, occurring at similar latencies did not show a correlation in these regions. N1 and P2 peak amplitude did correlate with the BOLD response in bilateral precentral and postcentral gyri and the SMC. Additionally P2 and TF-ROI1 both correlated with the ACC. TF-ROI3 (400–900 ms post-stimulus, 4–10 Hz) correlations were only observed in the ACC and SMC. Across the group, the subject-mean N1 peak amplitude correlated with the BOLD response amplitude in the primary and secondary auditory cortices bilaterally, as well as the right precentral gyrus and SMC. We confirm that auditory-evoked EEG responses can be recorded during continuous and simultaneous fMRI. We have presented further evidence of an empirical single-trial coupling between the EEG and BOLD fMRI responses, and show that a time–frequency decomposition of EEG signals can yield additional BOLD fMRI correlates, predominantly in auditory cortices, beyond those found using the evoked response amplitude alone.

Item Type: Article
Date Type: Publication
Status: Published
Schools: Cardiff University Brain Research Imaging Centre (CUBRIC)
Neuroscience and Mental Health Research Institute (NMHRI)
Subjects: R Medicine > RC Internal medicine > RC0321 Neuroscience. Biological psychiatry. Neuropsychiatry
Uncontrolled Keywords: Simultaneous EEG–fMRI; Single-trial; Event-related potential; Time–frequency analysis; Auditory
Publisher: Elsevier
ISSN: 1053-8119
Last Modified: 04 Jun 2017 03:47

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