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Efficacy and safety of secondary prophylactic vs. on-demand sucrose-formulated recombinant factor VIII treatment in adults with severe hemophilia A: results from a 13-month crossover study

Collins, Peter William, Faradji, A., Morfini, M., Enriquez, M. M. and Schwartz, L. 2010. Efficacy and safety of secondary prophylactic vs. on-demand sucrose-formulated recombinant factor VIII treatment in adults with severe hemophilia A: results from a 13-month crossover study. Journal of Thrombosis and Haemostatis 8 (1) , pp. 83-89. 10.1111/j.1538-7836.2009.03650.x

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Abstract

Background: Hemarthroses in severe hemophilia precipitate physical, psychosocial and financial difficulties. Objective: To compare the effects of secondary prophylaxis with on-demand sucrose-formulated recombinant factor VIII (rFVIII-FS) therapy in severe hemophilia A. Patients and methods: This open-label study included patients aged 30– 45 years with factor VIII (FVIII) coagulant activity < 1 IU dL)1 who were using on-demand FVIII treatment. Patients were treated with rFVIII-FS on demand for 6 months, followed by 7 months prophylaxis (20–40 IU kg)1, three times perweek, with the first month considered a run-in). The primary endpoint was the number of hemarthroses. Results: Twenty patients were enrolled (n = 19 completed); the mean age was 36.4 years, and 16 had target joints. The median (25–75%) number of joint bleeds decreased significantly with prophylaxis [0 (0–3)] vs. on-demand [15 (11–26); P < 0.001] therapy. The number of all bleeds was 0 (0–3) vs. 20.5 (14–37; P < 0.001), respectively. Median (range) total Gilbert scores improved after prophylaxis [18 (3–39)] compared with on-demand [25 (4–46)] therapy, predominantly reflecting the improved bleeding score. Median time from last prophylactic infusion to bleed was 2 days; 82.5% of bleeds occurred 2–3 days after the last infusion. Median 48-h and 72-h FVIII trough levels measured during months 10 and 13 were consistently > 6 and > 4 IU dL)1, respectively. Treatment was well tolerated, and no inhibitor formation was observed. Conclusion: Secondary prophylaxis with rFVIII-FS significantly reduced the frequency of hemarthroses compared with on-demand therapy in adult patients with severe hemophilia A.

Item Type: Article
Date Type: Publication
Status: Published
Schools: Medicine
Systems Immunity Research Institute (SIURI)
Subjects: R Medicine > R Medicine (General)
Uncontrolled Keywords: factor VIII; hemophilia; on-demand therapy; secondary prophylaxis
Publisher: Wiley-Blackwell
ISSN: 1538-7933
Last Modified: 04 Jun 2017 03:49
URI: http://orca.cf.ac.uk/id/eprint/27402

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