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Bullwhip effect in supply chains

Disney, Stephen Michael 2009. Bullwhip effect in supply chains.

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Abstract

We review a range of methodological approaches to solving the bullwhip problem. The bullwhip problem is a dynamic consequence of supply chain structures and replenishment policies. The roles of the structure of the demand process, the treatment of time (continuous v discrete), forecasting techniques and lead-times will be reviewed. In practice, and in the theory, a variety of techniques have been used to smooth the dynamics of supply chains. These include, the use of sophisticated forecasting, pooling of demand and inventories, proportional feedback controllers and full-state feedback systems. Multi-echelon supply chains also present a number of interesting innovations. From the traditional, arms-length trading relationships, information sharing, vendor managed inventory and echelon stock policies can be developed. More sophisticated collaboration and co-ordination mechanisms may also lead to altruistic behaviour and result in superior performance. The impact of these procedures will be examined. Finally thoughts on new directions in bullwhip research is presented.

Item Type: Article
Date Type: Publication
Status: Published
Schools: Business (Including Economics)
Centre for Advanced Manufacturing Systems At Cardiff (CAMSAC)
Subjects: H Social Sciences > H Social Sciences (General)
H Social Sciences > HD Industries. Land use. Labor
H Social Sciences > HD Industries. Land use. Labor > HD28 Management. Industrial Management
Uncontrolled Keywords: Bullwhip ; Supply chains ; Inventory ; Multi-echelon ; Order-up-to policy
Additional Information: Online at SciTopics
Publisher: SciVerse
Last Modified: 04 Jun 2017 03:49
URI: http://orca.cf.ac.uk/id/eprint/27461

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