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Direct and indirect excitons in semiconductor coupled quantum wells in an applied electric field

Sivalertporn, Kanchana, Mouchliadis, Leonidas, Ivanov, Alexei, Philp, Roger and Muljarov, Egor A. 2012. Direct and indirect excitons in semiconductor coupled quantum wells in an applied electric field. Physical Review B: Condensed Matter and Materials Physics 85 (4) , 045207. 10.1103/PhysRevB.85.045207

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Abstract

An accurate calculation of the exciton ground and excited states in AlGaAs and InGaAs coupled quantum wells (CQWs) in an external electric field is presented. An efficient and straightforward algorithm of solving the Schrödinger equation in real space has been developed and exciton binding energies, oscillator strengths, lifetimes, and absorption spectra are calculated for applied electric fields up to 100 kV/cm. It is found that in a symmetric 8–4–8-nm GaAs/Al0.33Ga0.67As CQW structure, the ground state of the system switches from direct to indirect exciton at approximately 5 kV/cm with dramatic changes of its binding energy and oscillator strength while the bright excited direct-exciton state remains almost unaffected. It is shown that the excitonic lifetime is dominated either by the radiative recombination or by tunneling processes at small/large values of the electric field, respectively. The calculated lifetime of the exciton ground state as a function of the bias voltage is in a quantitative agreement with low-temperature photoluminescence measurements. We have also made freely available a numerical code for calculation of the optical properties of direct and indirect excitons in CQWs in an electric field.

Item Type: Article
Date Type: Publication
Status: Published
Schools: Physics and Astronomy
Computer Science & Informatics
Subjects: Q Science > QC Physics
Publisher: American Physical Society
ISSN: 1098-0121
Last Modified: 09 Jan 2018 19:52
URI: http://orca.cf.ac.uk/id/eprint/27809

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