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Quick recovery of orientation after magnetic seizure therapy for major depressive disorder

Kirov, George, Ebmeier, K. P., Scott, A. I. F., Atkins, M., Khalid, N., Carrick, L., Stanfield, A., O'Carroll, R. E., Husain, M. M. and Lisanby, S. H. 2008. Quick recovery of orientation after magnetic seizure therapy for major depressive disorder. The British Journal of Psychiatry 193 (2) , pp. 152-155. 10.1192/bjp.bp.107.044362

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Abstract

Background Magnetic seizure therapy, in which seizures are elicited with a high-frequency magnetic field, is under development as a new treatment for major depressive disorder. Its use may be justified if it produces the antidepressant effects of electroconvulsive therapy (ECT), coupled with limited cognitive side-effects. Aims To evaluate the usefulness of a new 100 Hz magnetic seizure therapy device. Method We induced seizures with 100 Hz magnetic transcranial stimulation in 11 patients with major depressive disorder during one session of a regular course of ECT. Recovery times after seizures induced by magnetic seizure therapy and ECT were compared. Results Seizures could be elicited in 10 of the 11 patients. Stimulation over the vertex produced tonic–clonic activity on 9 out of 11 occasions. Stimulation over the prefrontal midpoint elicited seizures on 3 out of 7 occasions. The mean duration of magnetically induced seizures was 31.3 s, ranging from 10 to 86 s. All patients had an exceptionally quick recovery of orientation: mean of 7 min 12 s (s.d.=2 min 7 s, range 4 min 20 s to 9 min 41 s). The recovery times were on average 15 min 35 s shorter with magnetic seizure therapy than with ECT in the same patients (paired-samples t-test: P<0.0001). Patients reported feeling less confused after magnetic seizure therapy. Side-effects were confined to myoclonic movements, associated with the use of etomidate. Conclusions The new 100 Hz magnetic stimulator elicits seizures in the majority of patients when administered over the vertex. Magnetic seizure therapy was associated with shorter recovery times and less confusion following treatment. Subsequent work will be required to assess the safety and effectiveness of magnetic seizure therapy in the treatment of depression.

Item Type: Article
Date Type: Publication
Status: Published
Schools: Medicine
MRC Centre for Neuropsychiatric Genetics and Genomics (CNGG)
Subjects: R Medicine > RC Internal medicine > RC0321 Neuroscience. Biological psychiatry. Neuropsychiatry
Publisher: Royal College of Psychiatrists
ISSN: 0007-1250
Last Modified: 04 Jun 2017 03:53
URI: http://orca.cf.ac.uk/id/eprint/28501

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