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Cognitive style, personality and vulnerability to postnatal depression

Jones, Lisa, Scott, Janet, Cooper, Caroline, Forty, Elizabeth, Smith, Katherine Gordon, Sham, Pak, Farmer, Anne, McGuffin, Peter, Craddock, Nicholas John and Jones, Ian Richard 2010. Cognitive style, personality and vulnerability to postnatal depression. British Journal of Psychiatry 196 (3) , pp. 200-205. 10.1192/bjp.bp.109.064683

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Abstract

Background: Only some women with recurrent major depressive disorder experience postnatal episodes. Personality and/or cognitive styles might increase the likelihood of experiencing postnatal depression. Aims: To establish whether personality and cognitive style predicts vulnerability to postnatal episodes over and above their known relationship to depression in general. Method: We compared personality and cognitive style in women with recurrent major depressive disorder who had experienced one or more postnatal episodes (postnatal depression (PND) group, n=143) with healthy female controls (control group, n=173). We also examined parous women with recurrent major depressive disorder who experienced no perinatal episodes (non-postnatal depression (NPND) group, n=131). Results: The PND group had higher levels of neuroticism and dysfunctional beliefs, and lower self-esteem than the control group. However, there were no significant differences between the PND and NPND groups. Conclusions: Established personality and cognitive vulnerabilities for depression were reported by women with a history of postnatal depression, but there was no evidence that any of these traits or styles confer a specific risk for the postnatal onset of episodes.

Item Type: Article
Date Type: Publication
Status: Published
Schools: Medicine
MRC Centre for Neuropsychiatric Genetics and Genomics (CNGG)
Subjects: R Medicine > RC Internal medicine > RC0321 Neuroscience. Biological psychiatry. Neuropsychiatry
R Medicine > RG Gynecology and obstetrics
Publisher: Royal College of Psychiatrists
ISSN: 0007-1250
Last Modified: 04 Jun 2017 03:54
URI: http://orca.cf.ac.uk/id/eprint/28893

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