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Paracetamol (acetaminophen) attenuatesin vitromast cell and peripheral blood mononucleocyte cell histamine release induced byN-acetylcysteine

Coulson, James Michael and Thompson, John Paul 2010. Paracetamol (acetaminophen) attenuatesin vitromast cell and peripheral blood mononucleocyte cell histamine release induced byN-acetylcysteine. Clinical Toxicology 48 (2) , pp. 111-114. 10.3109/15563650903520959

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Abstract

The treatment of acute paracetamol (acetaminophen) poisoning with N-acetylcysteine (NAC) is frequently complicated by an anaphylactoid reaction to the antidote. The mechanism that underlies this reaction is unclear. We used the human mast cell line 1 (HMC-1) and human peripheral blood mononucleocytes (PBMCs) to investigate the effects of NAC and paracetamol on histamine secretion in vitro. Method. HMC-1 and human PBMCs were incubated in the presence of increasing concentrations of NAC ± paracetamol. Cell viability was determined by the Trypan Blue Assay, and histamine secretion was measured by ELISA. Results. NAC was toxic to HMC-1 cells at 100 mg/mL and to PBMCs at 67 mg/mL. NAC increased HMC-1 and PBMC histamine secretion at concentrations of NAC from 20 to 50 mg/mL and 2.5 to 100 mg/mL, respectively. NAC-induced histamine secretion by both cell types was reduced by co-incubation with 2.5 mg/mL of paracetamol. Conclusion. Paracetamol (acetaminophen) is capable of modifying histamine secretion in vitro. This may explain the clinical observation of a lower incidence of adverse reactions to NAC in vivo when higher concentrations of paracetamol are present than when paracetamol concentrations are low. Paracetamol (acetaminophen) attenuates in vitro mast cell and PBMC cell histamine release induced by NAC.

Item Type: Article
Date Type: Publication
Status: Published
Schools: Medicine
Subjects: R Medicine > R Medicine (General)
Uncontrolled Keywords: acetaminophen, acute poisoning, adverse effects, N-acetylcysteine
Publisher: Taylor & Francis
ISSN: 1556-3650
Last Modified: 04 Apr 2020 01:23
URI: http://orca.cf.ac.uk/id/eprint/29083

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