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Predictors of suicidality across the life span: The Isle of Wight study

Pickles, A., Aglan, A., Collishaw, Stephan, Messer, J., Rutter, M. and Maughan, B. 2010. Predictors of suicidality across the life span: The Isle of Wight study. Psychological Medicine 40 (9) , pp. 1453-1466. 10.1017/S0033291709991905

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Abstract

Background Data from a representative community sample were used to explore predictors of lifetime suicidality and to examine associations between distal adolescent and more proximal adult risks. Method Data are from a midlife follow-up of the Isle of Wight study, an epidemiological sample of adolescents assessed in 1968. Ratings of psychiatric symptoms and disorder, relationships and family functioning and adversity were made in adolescence; adult assessments included lifetime psychiatric history and suicidality, neuroticism and retrospective reports of childhood sexual abuse and harsh parenting. Results A wide range of measures of childhood psychopathology, adverse experiences and interpersonal difficulties were associated with adult suicidality; associations were particularly strong for adolescent irritability, worry and depression. In multivariate analyses, substantial proportions of these effects could be explained by their association with adult psychopathology and neuroticism, but additional effects remained for adolescent irritability and worry. Conclusions Factors of importance for long-term suicidality risk are evident in adolescence. These include family and experiential adversities as well as psychopathology. In particular, markers of adolescent worry and irritability appeared both potent risks and ones with additional effects beyond associations with adult disorder and adult neuroticism.

Item Type: Article
Date Type: Publication
Status: Published
Schools: Psychology
Medicine
MRC Centre for Neuropsychiatric Genetics and Genomics (CNGG)
Subjects: R Medicine > R Medicine (General)
Uncontrolled Keywords: Adolescent risk factors; depression; irritability; longitudinal; worry
Additional Information: Pdf uploaded in accordance with publisher's policy at http://www.sherpa.ac.uk/romeo/issn/0033-2917/ (accessed 25/02/2014).
Publisher: Cambridge University Press
ISSN: 0033-2917
Date of First Compliant Deposit: 30 March 2016
Last Modified: 04 Jun 2017 03:57
URI: http://orca.cf.ac.uk/id/eprint/29782

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