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Ultra high energy cosmology with POLARBEAR

Keating, B., Moyerman, S., Boettger, D., Edwards, J., Fuller, G., Matsuda, F., Miller, N., Paar, H., Rebeiz, G., Schanning, I., Shimon, M., Stebor, N., Arnold, K., Falnigan, D., Holzapfel, W., Howard, J., Kermish, Z., Lee, A., Lungu, M., Myers, M., Nishino, H., O'Brient, R., Quealy, E., Reichhardt, C., Richards, P., Shimmin, C., Steinbach, B., Suzuki, A., Zahn, O., Borrill, J., Cantalupo, C., Kisner, E., Linder, E., Sholl, M., Spieler, H., Anthony, A., Halverson, N., Errard, J., Fabbian, G., Le Jeune, M., Stompor, R., Jaffe, A., O'Dea, D., Chinone, Y., Hasegawa, M., Hazumi, M., Matsamura, T., Morii, H., Shimizu, A., Tomaru, T., Hyland, P., Dobbs, M., Ade, Peter A. R., Grainger, William F. and Tucker, Carole 2011. Ultra high energy cosmology with POLARBEAR. Presented at: DPF Conference 2011, Providence, RI, 9-13 August 2011. Proceedings of the 2011 Meeting of the Division of Particles and Fields of the American Physical Society.

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Abstract

Observations of the temperature anisotropy of the Cosmic Microwave Background (CMB) lend support to an inflationary origin of the universe, yet no direct evidence verifying inflation exists. Many current experiments are focussing on the CMB's polarization anisotropy, specifically its curl component (called "B-mode" polarization), which remains undetected. The inflationary paradigm predicts the existence of a primordial gravitational wave background that imprints a unique B-mode signature on the CMB's polarization at large angular scales. The CMB B-mode signal also encodes gravitational lensing information at smaller angular scales, bearing the imprint of cosmological large scale structures (LSS) which in turn may elucidate the properties of cosmological neutrinos. The quest for detection of these signals; each of which is orders of magnitude smaller than the CMB temperature anisotropy signal, has motivated the development of background-limited detectors with precise control of systematic effects. The POLARBEAR experiment is designed to perform a deep search for the signature of gravitational waves from inflation and to characterize lensing of the CMB by LSS. POLARBEAR is a 3.5 meter ground-based telescope with 3.8 arcminute angular resolution at 150 GHz. At the heart of the POLARBEAR receiver is an array featuring 1274 antenna-coupled superconducting transition edge sensor (TES) bolometers cooled to 0.25 Kelvin. POLARBEAR is designed to reach a tensor-to-scalar ratio of 0.025 after two years of observation -- more than an order of magnitude improvement over the current best results, which would test physics at energies near the GUT scale. POLARBEAR had an engineering run in the Inyo Mountains of Eastern California in 2010 and will begin observations in the Atacama Desert in Chile in 2011.

Item Type: Conference or Workshop Item (Paper)
Date Type: Publication
Status: Published
Schools: Physics and Astronomy
Subjects: Q Science > QC Physics
Additional Information: Proceedings of the 2011 Meeting of the Division of Particles and Fields of the American Physical Society Brown University, Providence, Rhode Island August 9-13, 2011
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Last Modified: 13 Jul 2018 10:22
URI: http://orca.cf.ac.uk/id/eprint/30069

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