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Wnt pathway aberrations including autocrine Wnt activation occur at high frequency in human non-small-cell lung carcinoma

Akiri, G., Cherian, M. M., Vijayakumar, Sivanathan, Liu, G., Bafico, A. and Aaronson, S. A. 2009. Wnt pathway aberrations including autocrine Wnt activation occur at high frequency in human non-small-cell lung carcinoma. Oncogene 28 (21) , pp. 2163-2172. 10.1038/onc.2009.82

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Abstract

Lung cancer is the most common cause of cancer mortality worldwide. Non-small-cell lung carcinomas (NSCLCs), which represent around 80% of lung tumors, exhibit poor prognosis and are usually refractory to conventional chemotherapy. Elucidating the molecular and cellular mechanisms that are dysregulated in NSCLCs may lead to new possibilities for targeted therapy or enhanced efficacy of current therapies. Here we demonstrate Wnt pathway activation in around 50% of human NSCLC cell lines and primary tumors, through different mechanisms, including autocrine Wnt pathway activation involving upregulation of specific Wnt ligands. Downregulation of activated Wnt signaling inhibited NSCLC proliferation and induced a more differentiated phenotype. Together, our findings establish importance of activated Wnt signaling in human NSCLCs and offer the possibility of targeting upregulated Wnt signaling as a new therapeutic modality for this disease.

Item Type: Article
Date Type: Publication
Status: Published
Schools: Medicine
Subjects: R Medicine > RC Internal medicine > RC0254 Neoplasms. Tumors. Oncology (including Cancer)
Uncontrolled Keywords: autocrine, lung cancer, wnt
Publisher: Nature Publishing
ISSN: 0950-9232
Last Modified: 19 Mar 2016 22:53
URI: http://orca.cf.ac.uk/id/eprint/30341

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