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The own-age face recognition bias in children and adults

Hills, Peter James and Lewis, Michael Bevan 2011. The own-age face recognition bias in children and adults. The Quarterly Journal of Experimental Psychology 64 (1) , pp. 17-23. 10.1080/17470218.2010.537926

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Abstract

Children recognize children's faces more accurately than adult faces, and adults recognize adult faces more accurately than children's faces (e.g., Anastasi & Rhodes, 20051. Anastasi , J. S. and Rhodes , M. G. 2005 . An own-age bias in face recognition for children and older adults . Psychonomic Bulletin and Review , 12 : 1043 – 1047 . [CrossRef], [PubMed], [Web of Science ®] View all references). This is the own-age bias. Research has shown that this bias is at least partially based on experience since trainee teachers show less of an own-age bias than do other adults (Harrison & Hole, 20095. Harrison , V. and Hole , G. J. 2009 . Evidence for a contact-based explanation of the own-age bias in face recognition . Psychonomic Bulletin & Review , 16 : 264 – 269 . [CrossRef], [PubMed], [Web of Science ®] View all references). The present research tested the own-age bias in three groups of children (age 4–6, 7–9, 10–12 years) and a group of adults in the recognition of three age groups of faces (age 7–9, 20–22, and 65–90 years). Results showed an own-age bias for 7- to 9-year-old children and adults. Specifically, children could recognize faces more accurately if they were less than two years different from their own age than if they were more than two years older or younger. These results are discussed in terms of short-term experience with faces creating biases, and this rapidly changes with age.

Item Type: Article
Date Type: Publication
Status: Published
Schools: Psychology
Subjects: B Philosophy. Psychology. Religion > BF Psychology
Uncontrolled Keywords: Own-age bias, Face recognition, Perceptual development, Own-race bias, Face perception in children
Publisher: Taylor & Francis
ISSN: 1747-0218
Last Modified: 31 Jan 2020 08:21
URI: http://orca.cf.ac.uk/id/eprint/30827

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