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When memory is better for out-group faces: on negative emotions and gender roles

Krumhuber, Eva G. and Manstead, Antony Stephen Reid 2011. When memory is better for out-group faces: on negative emotions and gender roles. Journal of Nonverbal Behavior 35 (1) , pp. 51-61. 10.1007/s10919-010-0096-8

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Memory for in-group faces tends to be better than memory for out-group faces. Ackerman et al. (Psychological Science 17:836–840, 2006) found that this effect reverses when male faces display anger, supposedly due to their functional value in signaling intergroup threat. We explored the generalizability of this reverse effect. White participants viewed Black and White male or female faces displaying angry, fearful, or neutral expressions. Recognition accuracy for White male faces was better than for Black male faces when faces were neutral, but this reversed when the faces displayed anger or fear. For female targets, Black faces were generally better recognized than White faces, and female faces were better remembered when they displayed anger rather than fear, whereas male faces were better remembered when they displayed fear rather than anger. These findings are difficult to reconcile with a functional account and suggest (a) that the processing of male out-group faces is influenced by negative emotional expressions in general; and (b) that gender role expectations lead to differential remembering of male and female faces as a function of emotional expression

Item Type: Article
Date Type: Publication
Status: Published
Schools: Psychology
Subjects: B Philosophy. Psychology. Religion > BF Psychology
H Social Sciences > HQ The family. Marriage. Woman
Uncontrolled Keywords: Out-group ; Threat ; Black faces ; Gender stereotype ; Recognition memory
ISSN: 0191-5886
Last Modified: 04 Jun 2017 04:01

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