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fMRI correlates of working memory: Specific posterior representation sites for motion and position information

Umla-Runge, Katja, Zimmer, Hubert D., Krick, Christoph M. and Reith, Wolfgang 2011. fMRI correlates of working memory: Specific posterior representation sites for motion and position information. Brain Research 1382 , pp. 206-218. 10.1016/j.brainres.2011.01.052

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We assume that working memory is provided by a network comprising domain-general anterior and different domain-specific posterior brain areas depending on the type of stimulus and the task demands. Based on imaging studies from perception, we hypothesized that dynamic spatial (motion) and static spatial (position) information can be dissociated during retention in working memory. Participants were presented with a moving dot. About one second after stimulus presentation, a cue indicated whether its motion or end position should be held in memory. Six seconds later, a second stimulus was shown which was to be compared with the first one with respect to identity on the cued dimension. In the baseline condition, the cue indicated that no memory task would follow. We contrasted activity during maintenance of the different features. Differential activations in regions related to motion perception (area hMT/V5+, superior temporal sulcus) were observed in the motion working memory task. For position working memory, enhanced activations in a right brain region at the temporo-parieto-occipital junction emerged. The results are discussed with respect to domain-specific regions active in perception and how they can be also involved in short term retention for those very features. It is suggested that two types of spatial information categories can be dissociated: dynamic spatial (motion) and static spatial (position) information seem to be processed by different working memory structures.

Item Type: Article
Date Type: Publication
Status: Published
Schools: Psychology
Subjects: B Philosophy. Psychology. Religion > BF Psychology
R Medicine > RC Internal medicine > RC0321 Neuroscience. Biological psychiatry. Neuropsychiatry
Uncontrolled Keywords: Working memory; fMRI; Dynamic; Spatial; Motion; hMT/V5+
Publisher: Elsevier
ISSN: 0006-8993
Last Modified: 04 Jun 2017 04:02

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