|Williams, Matthew Leighton and Wall, D. S. 2007. Policing Diversity in the Digital Age: Maintaining Order in Virtual Communities. Criminology and Criminal Justice 7 (4) , 391 - 415. 10.1177/1748895807082064|
Members of `terrestrial' communities are migrating in ever-increasing numbers to a new `Third Space' that manifests outside traditional geographical physical boundaries. This online space consists of purely social relations where interaction and community are performed at-a-distance. The diversifying populations of these virtual villages, towns and cities now constitute very real communities. Online non-gaming spaces such as Ebay, Active Worlds and Secondlife, for example, deliberately utilize the discourse of community in an attempt to instil a sense of communal space and shared responsibility among their members. While the majority subscribe to the rhetoric of `netizenship' others find alternative means to participate online. The avocations of these few have resulted in the endemic deviance/crime problem that exists online. As a result, online communities have developed their own distinct history of control and regulation. This article explores the ways that online social spaces maintain orderly `communities'. It contrasts `proximal' (online) forms of governing online behaviour, such as online reputation management systems, `virtual' police services and vigilante groups that employ `online shaming', with `distal' (offline) forms such as offline policing and criminal justice processes. The central theme of the article is a critical account of how these, often contradicting, nodes of governance interact.
|Schools:||Social Sciences (Includes Criminology and Education)|
|Subjects:||H Social Sciences > HT Communities. Classes. Races|
|Last Modified:||15 Nov 2013 09:21|
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