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Diversity of bifidobacteria within the infant gut microbiota

Turroni, Francesca, Peano, Clelia, Pass, Daniel A., Foroni, Elena, Severgnini, Marco, Claesson, Marcus J., Kerr, Colm, Hourihane, Jonathan, Murray, Deirdre, Fuligni, Fabio, Gueimonde, Miguel, Margolles, Abelardo, De Bellis, Gianluca, O'Toole, Paul W., van Sinderen, Douwe, Marchesi, Julian Roberto and Ventura, Marco 2012. Diversity of bifidobacteria within the infant gut microbiota. PLoS ONE 7 (5) , e36957. 10.1371/journal.pone.0036957

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Abstract

Background The human gastrointestinal tract (GIT) represents one of the most densely populated microbial ecosystems studied to date. Although this microbial consortium has been recognized to have a crucial impact on human health, its precise composition is still subject to intense investigation. Among the GIT microbiota, bifidobacteria represent an important commensal group, being among the first microbial colonizers of the gut. However, the prevalence and diversity of members of the genus Bifidobacterium in the infant intestinal microbiota has not yet been fully characterized, while some inconsistencies exist in literature regarding the abundance of this genus. Methods/Principal Findings In the current report, we assessed the complexity of the infant intestinal bifidobacterial population by analysis of pyrosequencing data of PCR amplicons derived from two hypervariable regions of the 16 S rRNA gene. Eleven faecal samples were collected from healthy infants of different geographical origins (Italy, Spain or Ireland), feeding type (breast milk or formula) and mode of delivery (vaginal or caesarean delivery), while in four cases, faecal samples of corresponding mothers were also analyzed. Conclusions In contrast to several previously published culture-independent studies, our analysis revealed a predominance of bifidobacteria in the infant gut as well as a profile of co-occurrence of bifidobacterial species in the infant’s intestine.

Item Type: Article
Date Type: Publication
Status: Published
Schools: Biosciences
Systems Immunity Research Institute (SIURI)
Subjects: Q Science > QH Natural history > QH301 Biology
Q Science > QR Microbiology
Publisher: PLoS
ISSN: 1932-6203
Date of First Compliant Deposit: 30 March 2016
Last Modified: 04 Jun 2017 04:04
URI: http://orca.cf.ac.uk/id/eprint/32097

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