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Exclusion of exogenous phosphatidylinositol-3,4,5-trisphosphate from neutrophil-polarizing pseudopodia: stabilization of the uropod and cell polarity

Tian, Wei, Laffafian, Iraj, Dewitt, Sharon and Hallett, Maurice Bartlett 2003. Exclusion of exogenous phosphatidylinositol-3,4,5-trisphosphate from neutrophil-polarizing pseudopodia: stabilization of the uropod and cell polarity. EMBO Reports 4 (10) , pp. 982-988. 10.1038/sj.embor.embor947

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Abstract

Although there is accumulating evidence that the generation and localization of phosphatidylinositol-3,4,5-trisphosphate (PtdIns(3,4,5)P3) have important functions in neutrophil polarization and chemotaxis, the mechanism of this linkage has yet to be established. Here, using exogenous fluorescent PtdIns(3,4,5)P3 introduced into the inner leaflet of the neutrophil plasma membrane by a cationic carrier, we show that: first, PtdIns(3,4,5)P3 uniformly delivered to the neutrophil plasma membrane is excluded from newly forming pseudopodia; second, PtdIns(3,4,5)P3 translocates to and is immobilized at the pole opposite a stable polarizing pseudopod; third, asymmetric delivery of PtdIns(3,4,5)P3 to the neutrophil triggers the generation of polarizing pseudopodia at the opposite pole; and finally, PtdIns(3,4,5)P3 triggers repetitive Ca2+ signals, the onset of which precedes morphological polarization. These data suggest that translocation and immobilization of PtdIns(3,4,5)P3 or a 3,x-phosphorylated metabolite in the uropod functions as an important polarization cue that defines neutrophil polarity and stabilizes the generation of pseudopodia at the opposite pole.

Item Type: Article
Date Type: Publication
Status: Published
Schools: Medicine
Subjects: R Medicine > R Medicine (General)
ISSN: 1469-3178
Last Modified: 04 Jun 2017 01:31
URI: http://orca.cf.ac.uk/id/eprint/321

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