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A new continuous within-participants latent inhibition task: Examining associations with schizotypy dimensions, smoking status and gender

Evans, Lisa Helen, Gray, Nicola Susan and Snowden, Robert Jefferson 2007. A new continuous within-participants latent inhibition task: Examining associations with schizotypy dimensions, smoking status and gender. Biological Psychology 74 (3) , pp. 365-373. 10.1016/j.biopsycho.2006.09.007

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Abstract

A within-participants latent inhibition task (LI: the retardation in learning that occurs if a stimulus has first been presented without consequence) was developed that produced robust LI, using both reaction time and number of correct responses as the dependent measures. Furthermore, associations were found between the preexposed stimulus and the schizotypy dimension of unusual experiences and smoking status. There were no significant relationships with the non-preexposed stimulus. This pattern of results was found using both reaction time and number of correct responses as the dependent measures which indicates that individuals who smoke and those high in unusual experiences show reduced LI. These findings indicate that the task may have sufficient sensitivity to be used in patients with schizophrenia.

Item Type: Article
Date Type: Publication
Status: Published
Schools: Cardiff University Brain Research Imaging Centre (CUBRIC)
Psychology
Subjects: B Philosophy. Psychology. Religion > BF Psychology
Uncontrolled Keywords: Latent inhibition; Human; Within-participants design; Schizophrenia; Schizotypy; Smoking; Gender
Publisher: Elsevier
ISSN: 0301-0511
Last Modified: 03 Apr 2019 09:32
URI: http://orca.cf.ac.uk/id/eprint/32654

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