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The Herschel Virgo Cluster Survey* III. A constraint on dust grain lifetime in early-type galaxies [Letter]

Clemens, M. S., Jones, A. P., Bressan, A., Baes, M., Bendo, G. J., Bianchi, S., Bomans, D. J., Boselli, A., Corbelli, E., Cortese, Luca, Dariush, Aliakbar, Davies, Jonathan Ivor, De Looze, I., di Serego Alighieri, S., Fadda, D., Fritz, J., Garcia-Appadoo, D. A., Gavazzi, G., Giovanardi, C., Grossi, M., Hughes, Thomas Marcus, Hunt, L. K., Madden, S., Pierini, D., Pohlen, Michael, Sabatini, S., Smith, Matthew William L., Verstappen, J., Vlahakis, C., Xilouris, E. M. and Zibetti, S. 2010. The Herschel Virgo Cluster Survey* III. A constraint on dust grain lifetime in early-type galaxies [Letter]. Astronomy & Astrophysics 518 , L50. 10.1051/0004-6361/201014533

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Passive early-type galaxies (ETGs) provide an ideal laboratory for studying the interplay between dust formation around evolved stars and its subsequent destruction in a hot gas. Using Spitzer-IRS and Herschel data we compare the dust production rate in the envelopes of evolved AGB stars with a constraint on the total dust mass. Early-type galaxies which appear to be truly passively evolving are not detected by Herschel. We thus derive a distance independent upper limit to the dust grain survival time in the hostile environment of ETGs of <46±25 Myr for amorphous silicate grains. This implies that ETGs which are detected at far-infrared wavelengths have acquired a cool dusty medium via interaction. Given likely time-scales for ram-pressure stripping, this also implies that only galaxies with dust in a cool (atomic) medium can release dust into the intra-cluster medium.

Item Type: Article
Date Type: Publication
Status: Published
Schools: Physics and Astronomy
Subjects: Q Science > QB Astronomy
Uncontrolled Keywords: galaxies: elliptical and lenticular, cD / galaxies: ISM / infrared: galaxies
Additional Information: Letter to the Editor. Pdf uploaded in accordance with publisher's policy at (accessed 16/04/2014)
Publisher: EDP Sciences
ISSN: 0004-6361
Date of First Compliant Deposit: 30 March 2016
Last Modified: 09 Apr 2019 20:47

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