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If only they could talk - genetic mouse models for psychiatric disorders

Humby, Trevor and Wilkinson, Lawrence Stephen 2006. If only they could talk - genetic mouse models for psychiatric disorders. In: Fish, G. S. and Flint, J. eds. Transgenic and Knockout Models of Neuropsychiatric Disorders, Contemporary Clinical Neuroscience, Totowa, NJ: Humana Press, pp. 69-83. (10.1007/978-1-59745-058-4_4)

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Abstract

The advent of advanced molecular genetics methods has revolutionized biology, both in terms of identifying gene candidates and, once identified, in terms of manipulating gene function in the experimental setting to address issues of causality and mechanism. Mice are currently the most genetically tractable animal model available and have contributed significantly to furthering our understanding of gene action across multiple areas of biology and medicine. However, using mice to model psychiatric conditions raises particular challenges because of the complex and perhaps unique phenotypes affected by disorders such as autism, schizophrenia, attention deficit hyperactivity disorder, depression, and personality disorder. In this chapter, we present a realistic view of what can be modeled in this area. We discuss the concept of endophenotypes (intermediate traits), and how endophenotypes can be used to address the complexity of the clinical conditions. We also discuss the practicalities of carrying out valid behavioral studies in mice, taking in the issues raised by the ethobiological vs artificial approach debate and emphasize the positive contribution made by the increasing use of operant behavioral paradigms in mice. We conclude that, although we are very much at the “work in progress” stage, it is likely that mouse models will be of major importance in ensuring that psychiatry gets its share of the genomic dividend.

Item Type: Book Section
Date Type: Publication
Status: Published
Schools: Psychology
Medicine
MRC Centre for Neuropsychiatric Genetics and Genomics (CNGG)
Neuroscience and Mental Health Research Institute (NMHRI)
Subjects: B Philosophy. Psychology. Religion > BF Psychology
Q Science > QH Natural history > QH426 Genetics
R Medicine > RC Internal medicine > RC0321 Neuroscience. Biological psychiatry. Neuropsychiatry
Uncontrolled Keywords: Psychiatric disorders - genetic mouse models - endophenotypes/intermediate traits - construct validity - ethobiological behavioral tests - operant methods
Publisher: Humana Press
ISBN: 9781588295071
Related URLs:
Last Modified: 03 May 2019 08:03
URI: http://orca.cf.ac.uk/id/eprint/33036

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