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Influence of LED irradiance on flexural properties and Vickers hardness of resin-based composite materials

Bhamra, Gurcharn Singh, Fleming, G .J. P. and Darvell, B. W. 2010. Influence of LED irradiance on flexural properties and Vickers hardness of resin-based composite materials. Dental Materials 26 (2) , pp. 148-155. 10.1016/j.dental.2009.09.008

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Abstract

Objective To investigate the effect of irradiance through choice of LED light-curing unit (LCU) and fiber-optic tip on the mechanical properties of methacrylate resin-based composites (RBCs). Methods Rectangular bar-shaped specimens (25 mm × 2 mm × 2 mm) of four RBCs, irradiated from one side for the manufacturer's recommended times with one of two LED LCUs, and with either 8 or 13 mm tip diameter, were tested in three-point bend for flexural strength and modulus of elasticity; Vickers hardness was measured on top and bottom surfaces, on overlapped and non-overlapped irradiation sites. The effects and interactions of all factors were examined by analysis of variance. Results While the materials tested differed significantly for all properties (P < 1 × 10−6), there was no significant effect for LCU, tip, or irradiance for flexural strength or modulus of elasticity. For hardness, the only significant effect overall was due to irradiance on the bottom surface. Conclusions Both LCUs and both tips could be used to give adequate top surface hardness, but the recommended maximum increment thickness is too great for adequate cure at the bottom with the tested LCUs at the recommended times. An extended experimental design would be valuable to test behavior at much elevated irradiances.

Item Type: Article
Date Type: Publication
Status: Published
Schools: Dentistry
Subjects: R Medicine > RK Dentistry
Uncontrolled Keywords: Light-curing unit ; Three-point flexure strength ; Flexure modulus ; Vickers hardness
Publisher: Elsevier
ISSN: 0109-5641
Last Modified: 09 Jan 2018 16:56
URI: http://orca.cf.ac.uk/id/eprint/33117

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