Cardiff University | Prifysgol Caerdydd ORCA
Online Research @ Cardiff 
WelshClear Cookie - decide language by browser settings

Double dissociation between hippocampal and prefrontal lesions on an operant delayed matching task and a water maze reference memory task

Sloan, Hazel L., Good, Mark Andrew and Dunnett, Stephen Bruce 2006. Double dissociation between hippocampal and prefrontal lesions on an operant delayed matching task and a water maze reference memory task. Behavioural Brain Research 171 (1) , pp. 116-126. 10.1016/j.bbr.2006.03.030

Full text not available from this repository.

Abstract

The hippocampus and prefrontal cortex have both been implicated in various aspects of the acquisition, retention and performance of delayed matching to position (DMTP) tasks in the rat, although their precise respective contributions remain unclear. In the present study, rats were trained preoperatively on DMTP before receiving excitotoxic bilateral lesions of either the entire hippocampus or the medial prefrontal cortex. Rats with lesions of the prefrontal cortex exhibited a significant delay-dependent impairment on retention of the DMTP task, whereas hippocampal lesions were without effect. Rats were also exposed to a switch in the contingencies to a ‘non-matching’ rule, as an analogue of switching between decision rules in the human Wisconsin Card Sorting Test, in which human patients with prefrontal damage are impaired. Both lesion groups acquired the new contingency at control levels, providing no evidence towards a role for either of these areas in this type of rule-switching. The same rats were also assessed in a spatial reference memory task in the water maze, which revealed an impairment in escape latencies and path length that was specific to the hippocampal lesions. The results corroborate previous evidence that the hippocampus is not necessary for at least some aspects of working memory performance in the DMTP task, whereas the delay-dependent deficit in the prefrontal lesion group support this task as a potentially powerful tool for assessing the cognitive changes associated with frontal damage and repair.

Item Type: Article
Date Type: Publication
Status: Published
Schools: Biosciences
Psychology
Subjects: B Philosophy. Psychology. Religion > BF Psychology
R Medicine > RC Internal medicine > RC0321 Neuroscience. Biological psychiatry. Neuropsychiatry
Uncontrolled Keywords: Cognition; Hippocampus; Operant behaviour; Prefrontal cortex; Rat; Water maze; Working memory
Publisher: Elsevier
ISSN: 0166-4328
Last Modified: 10 Oct 2017 14:30
URI: http://orca.cf.ac.uk/id/eprint/33168

Citation Data

Cited 66 times in Google Scholar. View in Google Scholar

Cited 86 times in Scopus. View in Scopus. Powered By Scopus® Data

Actions (repository staff only)

Edit Item Edit Item