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Roles of alpha4 integrins/VCAM-1 and LFA-1/ICAM-1 in the binding and transendothelial migration of T lymphocytes and T lymphoblasts across high endothelial venules

Faveeuw, Christelle, Di Mauro, Mary E., Price, Abigail A. and Ager, Ann 2000. Roles of alpha4 integrins/VCAM-1 and LFA-1/ICAM-1 in the binding and transendothelial migration of T lymphocytes and T lymphoblasts across high endothelial venules. International Immunology 12 (3) , pp. 241-251. 10.1093/intimm/12.3.241

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Abstract

Several cell adhesion molecules that mediate the binding of lymphocytes to high endothelial venules (HEV) from flowing blood have been identified but the regulation of lymphocyte migration across the HEV wall into the lymph node (LN) is far from understood. In this study we have used an in vitro model of lymphocyte migration across HEV, and analysed the roles of two integrins in the binding and transendothelial migration of T lymphocytes and T lymphoblasts. The adhesion of T lymphocytes to high endothelial cells (HEC) cultured from rat LN HEV differed from that of T lymphoblasts since the percentage of T lymphoblasts that adhered and transmigrated was higher and was not increased by IFN-γ pretreatment of HEC. Antibodies to α4 integrins, VCAM-1 or LFA-1 maximally inhibited T lymphocyte adhesion by 40–50%, whereas antibodies to ICAM-1 were less effective (<20% inhibition). The effects of α4 integrin and LFA-1 antibodies were additive, giving >90% inhibition. T lymphocytes which adhered in the presence of LFA-1 antibody showed reduced levels of transmigration and, in the presence of α4 integrin antibody, slightly increased transmigration. Antibodies to α4 integrins, VCAM-1, LFA-1 or ICAM-1 had little effect on T lymphoblast adhesion (maxima of 10–30% inhibition) and T lymphoblasts transmigrated normally in the presence of either α4 integrin or LFA-1 antibodies. However, the effects of α4 integrin and LFA-1 antibodies on T lymphoblast adhesion were synergistic, giving >90% inhibition of adhesion. These results suggest that the majority of T lymphoblasts use either α4 integrins or LFA-1 to bind and transmigrate HEV, and the roles of these integrins on activated T cells are overlapping and redundant. In contrast, either integrin supports half-maximal binding of unactivated T lymphocytes to the surface of HEV and LFA-1 makes a larger contribution than α4 integrins to transendothelial migration.

Item Type: Article
Date Type: Publication
Status: Published
Schools: Medicine
Systems Immunity Research Institute (SIURI)
Subjects: Q Science > QR Microbiology > QR180 Immunology
Uncontrolled Keywords: α4 integrins, high endothelial venules, ICAM-1, LFA-1, T lymphocytes, transendothelial migration, VCAM-1
Publisher: Oxford University Press
ISSN: 1460-2377
Last Modified: 04 Jun 2017 04:08
URI: http://orca.cf.ac.uk/id/eprint/33336

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