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Comparative analysis of institutional and legal basis of marine and coastal management in the East Anglian region

Liu, Wen-Hong, Ballinger, Rhoda Catherine, Jaleel, Azmath and lin, Kun-Lung 2012. Comparative analysis of institutional and legal basis of marine and coastal management in the East Anglian region. Ocean and Coastal Management 62 , pp. 43-53. 10.1016/j.ocecoaman.2012.01.005

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Abstract

Most people in the East Asian region live in coastal zones, competing for limited space and marine resources in order to gain economic development. Conflicts between stakeholders and depredation of the ecosystem are frequent. Therefore, effective marine and coastal management (MCM) is necessary in this region. This study comparatively analyses institutional and legal basis of the MCM in Japan, South Korea, China and Taiwan within the areas of state organisations, non-state organisations and legal basis using 12 performance indicators. The study show that there is a trend towards establishing specific high-level marine affairs committees presided by the prime minister or his deputy supported by human and financial resources will enable MCM plans to be implemented more effectively. In addition, a co-management approach in MCM has been advocated in recent years in all the countries analysed, with the exception of China. The management approach for ocean governance has gradually transformed from a total top-down approach to a dual-directional (both top-down and bottom-up). Finally, the importance of the collective consideration of the legal basis, state organisations and non-organisations because of their interactive functional dynamics, has been emphasised.

Item Type: Article
Date Type: Publication
Status: Published
Schools: Earth and Ocean Sciences
Subjects: G Geography. Anthropology. Recreation > GE Environmental Sciences
Publisher: Elsevier
ISSN: 0964-5691
Last Modified: 04 Jun 2017 04:08
URI: http://orca.cf.ac.uk/id/eprint/33467

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