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Geometrical models of left ventricular contraction from MRI of the normal and spontaneously hypertensive rat heart

Wise, Richard Geoffrey, Huang, Christopher L.-H., Al-Shafei, Ahmed I. M., Carpenter, T. Adrian and Hall, Laurance D. 1999. Geometrical models of left ventricular contraction from MRI of the normal and spontaneously hypertensive rat heart. Physics in Medicine and Biology 44 (10) , pp. 2657-2676. 10.1088/0031-9155/44/10/319

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This study develops a quantitative analysis and model for the differences in left ventricular dynamics in normal and spontaneously hypertensive rats, as determined using non-invasive magnetic resonance imaging (MRI). We emerge with a characterization of the geometrical changes in the left ventricle resulting from hypertension. In addition, the techniques we have adopted are potentially applicable to the study of other disease models for important human cardiac pathologies. A gradient-echo multislice imaging sequence (echo time 4.3 ms) achieved complete image coverage of the heart at high time resolution (13 ms) through the cardiac cycle. Cardiac anatomy in two age-matched groups of young adult (8 and 12 weeks old) normal Wistar-Kyoto (WKY, n = 8) and spontaneously hypertensive rats (SHR, n = 8) was imaged in synchrony with the electrocardiographic R wave in defined planes both parallel and perpendicular to the principal cardiac axis. The transverse left ventricular image sections were circularly symmetrical; this permitted application of different analytical models for the three-dimensional geometry of the epi- and endocardial borders. An ellipsoidal figure of revolution offered an effective description of the three-dimensional left ventricular geometry throughout the cardiac cycle in both normal WKY and SHR animals. The model successfully characterized both the dynamic changes in the shape of the left ventricle through the cardiac cycle and the pathological alterations resulting from spontaneous hypertension. The elliptical model also formed the basis of a simple stress distribution analysis. Such parametric descriptions thus provided a useful alternative to more complex finite element analyses of cardiac function. The eccentricity of the ventricle was characterized by an ellipticity factor a, where a = 1 for a sphere and a<1 for a prolate ellipsoid. At end systole, the endocardial surface of the left ventricle gave a = 0.43±0.02 and 0.49±0.02 for the WKY and SHR animals respectively (probability, P<0.05). At end diastole, the endocardial surface of the left ventricle gave a = 0.58±0.02 and 0.63±0.02 for the WKY and SHR animals respectively (P<0.05). Such a difference in ventricular shape was a potential adaptation to increased blood pressure. Hypertension thus altered the left ventricular ellipticity to give a more spherical geometry compared with the normal rats.

Item Type: Article
Date Type: Publication
Status: Published
Schools: Psychology
Neuroscience and Mental Health Research Institute (NMHRI)
Subjects: B Philosophy. Psychology. Religion > BF Psychology
R Medicine > RC Internal medicine > RC0321 Neuroscience. Biological psychiatry. Neuropsychiatry
Publisher: IOP Publishing
ISSN: 0031-9155
Last Modified: 04 Jun 2017 04:09

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