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Spatiotemporal frequency and direction sensitivities of human visual areas measured using fMRI

Singh, Krish Devi, Smith, A. T. and Greenlee, M. W. 2000. Spatiotemporal frequency and direction sensitivities of human visual areas measured using fMRI. Neuroimage 12 (5) , pp. 550-564. 10.1006/nimg.2000.0642

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Using functional magnetic resonance imaging (fMRI) we have studied the variation in response magnitude, in each visual area (V1–V5), as a function of spatial frequency (SF), temporal frequency (TF) and unidirectional motion versus counterphase flicker. Each visual area was identified in each subject using a combination of retinotopic mapping fMRI and cortical flattening techniques. A drifting (or counterphasing) sinusoidal grating was used as the stimulus in a study in which we parametrically varied SF between 0.4 and 7 cycles/degree and TF between 0 and 18 Hz. For each experiment we constructed fMRI amplitude tuning curves, averaged across subjects, for each visual area. The tuning curves that resulted are consistent with the known physiological properties of cells in the corresponding macaque visual areas, previous functional imaging studies, and in the case of V1, the psychophysically determined contrast sensitivity functions for spatial and temporal frequency. In the case of V3A, the SF tuning functions obtained were more similar to those found in single cell studies of macaque V3 rather than macaque V3A. All areas showed at least a moderate preference for directed versus counterphasing motion with V5 showing the largest preference. Visual areas V1, V2, V3, and V3A showed more direction sensitivity at low spatial frequencies, while VP, V4, and V5 had the highest drifting versus counterphasing ratios for higher spatial frequencies.

Item Type: Article
Status: Published
Schools: Psychology
Neuroscience and Mental Health Research Institute (NMHRI)
ISSN: 1053-8119
Last Modified: 04 Jun 2017 04:10

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