Cardiff University | Prifysgol Caerdydd ORCA
Online Research @ Cardiff 
WelshClear Cookie - decide language by browser settings

Embryo freezing for preventing ovarian hyperstimulation syndrome

D'Angelo, Arianna and Amso, Nazar Najib 2002. Embryo freezing for preventing ovarian hyperstimulation syndrome. Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews 2 , CD002806. 10.1002/14651858.CD002806

Full text not available from this repository.

Abstract

BACKGROUND: Ovarian hyperstimulation syndrome (OHSS) is an iatrogenic potentially life threatening condition resulting from an excessive ovarian stimulation. Its reported incidence varies from 1% to 10% of in vitro fertilization (IVF) cycles. The factors leading to this syndrome have not been completely explained. It seems likely that the release of vasoactive substances, secreted by the ovaries under human chorionic gonadotropin (hCG) stimulation plays a key role in triggering this syndrome. The hallmark of this condition, is a massive shift of fluid from the intra-vascular compartment to the third space resulting in profound intra-vascular depletion and hemoconcentration. OBJECTIVES: To evaluate (i) the effectiveness of cryopreservation (embryo freezing) for the prevention of OHSS when compared with human intra-venous albumin infusion and (ii) the effectiveness of the elective cryopreservation (embryo freezing ) of all embryos for the prevention of OHSS when compared with fresh embryo transfer. SEARCH STRATEGY: Publications in the literature that describe or may describe randomised controlled trials of both human intra-venous albumin and freezing of all embryos in the management of OHSS as consequence of the superovulation in assisted reproduction techniques (ART) cycles were searched. The Cochrane Menstrual Disorders and Subfertility Review Group specialised register of controlled trials was searched. In addition, MEDLINE (PUBMED 1985 to 2001), EMBASE (1985 to 2001), CINHAL (1985 to 2001) and the National Research Register were searched SELECTION CRITERIA: Randomised controlled trials (RCTs) in which either human intra-venous albumin or cryopreservation of all embryos were used as a therapeutic approach to OHSS were included. The participants were women of reproductive age who were down regulated by gonadotrophin-releasing hormone-analogue (GnRH-a), undergoing superovulation in in vitro fertilization/intra-cytoplasmic sperm injection (IVF/ICSI) cycles. DATA COLLECTION AND ANALYSIS: Two reviewers, Mr N.N. Amso (NNA) and Dr A. D'Angelo (ADA) scanned the titles and the abstracts of the reports identified by electronic searching in order to find relevant papers. One reviewer (ADA) obtained copies of the full text articles and made copies for the other reviewer (NNA) in which details of authors, institution, results and discussion were removed in order to assess their eligibility for inclusion. Then, both reviewers extracted data independently using forms designed according to Cochrane guidelines. Disagreements were resolved by discussion. Additional information on the trial methodology or data were requested by writing to the corresponding authors directly. The interventions compared were cryopreservation (embryo freezing) versus intra-venous human albumin administration and elective cryopreservation of all embryos versus fresh embryo transfer. The primary outcomes were: incidence of moderate and severe OHSS versus nil/mild OHSS, clinical pregnancies/woman. The secondary outcomes were: number of oocytes retrieved, number of oocytes fertilized, number of embryos transferred, number of embryos frozen, multiple pregnancy rate, live birth rate, number of women admitted to the hospital as inpatient or outpatient and time to the next menstrual period (resolution time). Statistical analysis was performed in accordance with the Cochrane Menstrual Disorders and Subfertility Group guidelines. MAIN RESULTS: Seventeen studies were identified, two of which met our inclusion criteria. One study was included where cryopreservation (embryo freezing) was compared with intra-venous human albumin administration (Shaker 1996) and one study was included where elective cryopreservation of all embryos was compared with fresh embryo transfer (Ferraretti 1999). When cryopreservation was compared with intra-venous human albumin administration no difference was found in all the outcomes examined between the two groups. When elective cryopreservation of all embryos was compared with fresh embryo transfer no difference was found in all the outcomes examined between the two groups. REVIEWER'S CONCLUSIONS: This review has showed that there is insufficient evidence to support routine cryopreservation and insufficient evidence for the relative merits of intra-venous albumin versus cryopreservation.

Item Type: Article
Date Type: Publication
Status: Published
Schools: Medicine
Subjects: R Medicine > R Medicine (General)
R Medicine > RG Gynecology and obstetrics
Additional Information: Editorial Group: Cochrane Menstrual Disorders and Subfertility Group
Publisher: John Wiley and Sons
ISSN: 1469-493X
Last Modified: 09 Apr 2019 21:23
URI: http://orca.cf.ac.uk/id/eprint/34085

Citation Data

Cited 50 times in Google Scholar. View in Google Scholar

Actions (repository staff only)

Edit Item Edit Item