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Integrative Social Perception: Individuals Low in Working Memory Benefit More From External Representations

Von Hecker, Ulrich and Dutke, Stephan 2004. Integrative Social Perception: Individuals Low in Working Memory Benefit More From External Representations. Social Cognition 22 (3) , pp. 336-365. 10.1521/soco.22.3.336.35969

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Abstract

The paper highlights the importance of looking at individual differences in working memory in order to understand complex social perceptual processes such as the construction of mental clique models from pairwise sentiment relations. We found that working memory resources constituted a limiting factor in the integrative perception of sentiment patterns (Experiment 1). Low but not high-resource individuals' performance was enhanced by use of an external memory store (Experiment 2). Finally, participants whose working memory capacity was experimentally reduced showed high correlations between use of the external store and performance. This was not the case for those whose working memory capacity was not manipulated (Experiment 3). Implications are discussed with respect to the role of working memory functions in complex social perception and the use of external memory representations in social settings.

Item Type: Article
Date Type: Publication
Status: Published
Schools: Psychology
Subjects: B Philosophy. Psychology. Religion > BF Psychology
Publisher: Guildford Press
ISSN: 0278-016X
Last Modified: 04 Jun 2017 01:50
URI: http://orca.cf.ac.uk/id/eprint/3418

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