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Metacognitive inferences in source memory decisions: The role of perceived differences in item recognition

Meiser, Thorsten, Sattler, Christine and Von Hecker, Ulrich 2007. Metacognitive inferences in source memory decisions: The role of perceived differences in item recognition. The Quarterly Journal of Experimental Psychology 60 (7) , pp. 1015-1040. 10.1080/17470210600875215

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Abstract

This research investigated the hypothesis that metacognitive inferences in source memory judgements are based on the recognition or nonrecognition of an event together with perceived or expected differences in the recognizability of events from different sources. The hypothesis was tested with a multinomial source-monitoring model that allowed separation of source-guessing tendencies for recognized and unrecognized items. Experiments 1A and 1B manipulated the number of item presentations as relevant source information and revealed differential guessing tendencies for recognized and unrecognized items, with a bias to attribute unrecognized items to the source associated with poor item recognition. Experiments 2A and 2B replicated the findings with a manipulation of presentation time and extended the analysis to subjective differences in item recognition. Experiments 3A and 3B used more natural source information by varying type of acoustic signal and demonstrated that subjective theories about differences in item recognition are sufficient to elicit differential source-guessing biases for recognized and unrecognized items. Together the findings provide new insights into the cognitive processes underlying source memory decisions, which involve episodic memory and reconstructive tendencies based on metacognitive beliefs and general world knowledge.

Item Type: Article
Date Type: Publication
Status: Published
Schools: Psychology
Subjects: B Philosophy. Psychology. Religion > BF Psychology
Publisher: Taylor and Francis
ISSN: 1747-0226
Last Modified: 04 Jun 2017 01:50
URI: http://orca.cf.ac.uk/id/eprint/3420

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