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Resting fluctuations in arterial carbon dioxide induce significant low frequency variations in BOLD signal

Wise, Richard Geoffrey, Ide, K., Poulin, M. J. and Tracey, I. 2004. Resting fluctuations in arterial carbon dioxide induce significant low frequency variations in BOLD signal. NeuroImage 21 (4) , pp. 1652-1664. 10.1016/j.neuroimage.2003.11.025

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Carbon dioxide is a potent cerebral vasodilator. We have identified a significant source of low-frequency variation in blood oxygen level-dependent (BOLD) magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) signal at 3 T arising from spontaneous fluctuations in arterial carbon dioxide level in volunteers at rest. Fluctuations in the partial pressure of end-tidal carbon dioxide (PetCO2) of ±1.1 mm Hg in the frequency range 0–0.05 Hz were observed in a cohort of nine volunteers. Correlating with these fluctuations were significant generalized grey and white matter BOLD signal fluctuations. We observed a mean (±standard error) regression coefficient across the group of 0.110 ± 0.033% BOLD signal change per mm Hg CO2 for grey matter and 0.049 ± 0.022% per mm Hg in white matter. PetCO2-related BOLD signal fluctuations showed regional differences across the grey matter, suggesting variability of the responsiveness to carbon dioxide at rest. Functional magnetic resonance imaging (fMRI) results were corroborated by transcranial Doppler (TCD) ultrasound measurements of the middle cerebral artery (MCA) blood velocity in a cohort of four volunteers. Significant PetCO2-correlated fluctuations in MCA blood velocity were observed with a lag of 6.3 ± 1.2 s (mean ± standard error) with respect to PetCO2 changes. This haemodynamic lag was adopted in the analysis of the BOLD signal. Doppler ultrasound suggests that a component of low-frequency BOLD signal fluctuations is mediated by CO2-induced changes in cerebral blood flow (CBF). These fluctuations are a source of physiological noise and a potentially important confounding factor in fMRI paradigms that modify breathing. However, they can also be used for mapping regional vascular responsiveness to CO2.

Item Type: Article
Date Type: Publication
Status: Published
Schools: Psychology
Neuroscience and Mental Health Research Institute (NMHRI)
Subjects: B Philosophy. Psychology. Religion > BF Psychology
R Medicine > R Medicine (General)
Uncontrolled Keywords: Carbon dioxide; fMRI; BOLD; Hypercapnia; Transcranial Doppler ultrasound; Physiological noise
Publisher: Elsevier
ISSN: 1053-8119
Last Modified: 04 Jun 2017 01:50

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