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The modification of alveolar bone proteoglycans by reactive oxygen species in vitro

Moseley, Ryan, Waddington, Rachel J., Embery, G. and Rees, S. G. 1998. The modification of alveolar bone proteoglycans by reactive oxygen species in vitro. Connective Tissue Research 37 (1-2) , pp. 13-28. 10.3109/03008209809028897

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Abstract

Reactive oxygen species (ROS) are being increasingly implicated in the connective tissue degradation associated with chronic inflammatory conditions, such as periodontal disease. The present study investigated the effects of ROS on the proteoglycans (PG) of alveolar bone which are important structural components within the periodontium. PG were isolated from ovine alveolar bone and exposed to increasing concentrations of hydrogen peroxide (H2O2) or to a hydroxyl radical (*OH) flux for lh or 24h, and the degradation products examined for depolymerisation and chemical modification of the PG structure. ROS were demonstrated to be capable of degrading alveolar bone PG in vitro, the *OH species resulting in greater modification than H2O2. The degradative effects observed included cleavage of the protein core and depolymerisation of the GAG chains. The core proteins were more susceptible to degradation than the GAG chains in the presence of H2O2 alone, although both the core proteins and the GAG chains were extensively degraded in the presence of a *OH flux for both lh and 24h. Exposure of the PG to *OH for 24h resulted in significant modification to the amino acid composition with decreases in the proportion of leucine and the complete loss of proline, tyrosine and phenylalanine evident. The results highlight the potential role of ROS as an important mechanism in considering the pathology of periodontal tissue destruction.

Item Type: Article
Date Type: Publication
Status: Published
Schools: Dentistry
Subjects: R Medicine > RK Dentistry
Uncontrolled Keywords: Reactive oxygen species, alveolar bone proteoglycans, connective tissue degradation, periodontal disease
Publisher: Informa Healthcare
ISSN: 0300-8207
Last Modified: 04 Jun 2017 04:12
URI: http://orca.cf.ac.uk/id/eprint/34566

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