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Relations between emotions, display rules, social motives, and facial behaviour

Zaalberg, Ruud, Manstead, Antony Stephen Reid and Fischer, Agneta 2004. Relations between emotions, display rules, social motives, and facial behaviour. Cognition & Emotion 18 (2) , pp. 183-207. 10.1080/02699930341000040

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Abstract

We report research on the relations between emotions, display rules, social motives, and facial behaviour. In Study 1 we used a questionnaire methodology to examine how respondents would react to a funny or a not funny joke told to them by a close friend or a stranger. We assessed display rules and motivations for smiling and/or laughing. Display rules and social motives (partly) mediated the relationship between the experimental manipulations and self‐reported facial behaviour. Study 2 was a laboratory experiment in which funny or not funny jokes were told to participants by a male or female stranger. Consistent with hypotheses, hearing a funny joke evoked a stronger motivation to share positive affect by showing longer Duchenne smiling. Contrary to hypotheses, a not funny joke did not elicit greater prosocial motivation by showing longer “polite” smiling, although such a smiling pattern did occur. Rated funniness of the joke and the motivation to share positive affect mediated the relationship between the joke manipulation and facial behaviour. Path analysis was used to explore this mediating process in greater detail.

Item Type: Article
Status: Published
Schools: Psychology
Publisher: Taylor & Francis
ISSN: 0269-9931
Last Modified: 04 Jun 2017 04:12
URI: http://orca.cf.ac.uk/id/eprint/34597

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