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Effects of introspection about reasons for values: Extending research on values-as-truisms

Bernard, Mark, Maio, Gregory Richard and Olson, J. M. 2003. Effects of introspection about reasons for values: Extending research on values-as-truisms. Social Cognition 21 (1) , pp. 1-25. 10.1521/soco.21.1.1.21193

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Abstract

In past research, analyzing reasons for values that involve promoting the welfare of others (i.e., self-transcendence values) caused them to change—a finding that occurs only when values lack prior cognitive support (Maio & Olson, 1998). In the present research, we tested whether analyzing reasons for values serving different motivations (e.g., conservation, self-enhancement) at different social levels (personal vs. societal) causes them to change. Experiment 1 replicated the finding that analyzing reasons for self-transcendence values causes these values to change, while extending this finding to three other types of values described by Schwartz (1992): conservation, openness, and self-enhancement values. Experiment 2 revealed the analyzing reasons effect for two types of social values described by Inglehart (1971): materialist and postmaterialist values. These results extend previous research on the malleability of values by showing that introspection has similar effects on many different kinds of values.

Item Type: Article
Date Type: Publication
Status: Published
Schools: Psychology
Subjects: B Philosophy. Psychology. Religion > BF Psychology
Publisher: Guilford Press
ISSN: 0278-016X
Last Modified: 28 Jun 2019 03:06
URI: http://orca.cf.ac.uk/id/eprint/34713

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