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ICAM-1-independent lymphocyte transmigration across high endothelium: differential up-regulation by interferon γ, tumor necrosis factor-α and interleukin 1β

May, Michael J. and Ager, Ann 1992. ICAM-1-independent lymphocyte transmigration across high endothelium: differential up-regulation by interferon γ, tumor necrosis factor-α and interleukin 1β. European Journal of Immunology 22 (1) , pp. 219-226. 10.1002/eji.1830220132

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Abstract

The adhesion of lymphocytes to cytokine-treated high endothelium was studied using cultured high endothelial cells (HEC). Pretreatment of the HEC layer with a variety of cytokines caused up-regulation of lymphocyte adhesion with the effects ordered interferon γ (IFN-γ) > tumor necrosis factor-α (TNF-α) ⩾ interleukin 1β (IL 1β). Increased lymphocyte adhesion was found to be independent of ICAM-1 as expression by HEC was not increased by cytokines and antibodies against ICAM-1 did not block adhesion. The peptide CS1 and anti-β1 integrin subunit antibodies, however, caused partial inhibition of lymphocyte adhesion thus indicating a role for fibronectin on HEC and α1β1 on lymphocytes. Study of the kinetics of lymphocyte adhesion showed that the effects of IFN-γ and TNF-α were persistent and remained detectable 2.5 h after removal of the cytokines whereas the effects of IL 1β were transient and were not sustained beyond 1 h. All of the cytokines used caused transient increases in the number of surface-bound lymphocytes with IFN-γ > TNF-α ⩾ IL 1β, however, the most dramatic effect was on the transmigration of lymphocytes across the HEC. Both IFN-γ and TNF-α caused sustained increased transmigration with IFN-γ having the greater effect. IL 1β had little effect on transmigration. This model demonstrates that the binding and transmigration of lymphocytes across HEC can be differentially regulated by the actions of individual cytokines. These results support the concept that locally produced cytokines regulate HEC function within the lymph node.

Item Type: Article
Date Type: Publication
Status: Published
Schools: Medicine
Systems Immunity Research Institute (SIURI)
Subjects: Q Science > QR Microbiology > QR180 Immunology
Publisher: John Wiley & Sons
ISSN: 0014-2980
Last Modified: 04 Jun 2017 04:13
URI: http://orca.cf.ac.uk/id/eprint/34829

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