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Allospecific recognition of hemic cells in vitro by natural killer cells from athymic rats: evidence that allodeterminants coded for by single major histocompatibility complex haplotypes are recognized

Vaage, John Torgils, Dissen, Erik, Ager, Ann, Fossum, Sigbjørn and Rolstad, Bent 1991. Allospecific recognition of hemic cells in vitro by natural killer cells from athymic rats: evidence that allodeterminants coded for by single major histocompatibility complex haplotypes are recognized. European Journal of Immunology 21 (9) , pp. 2167-2175. 10.1002/eji.1830210927

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Abstract

We have previously shown that large granular lymphocyte (LGL)-enriched cell populations have the capacity to spontaneously recognize and kill allogeneic small lymphocytes and bone marrow cells (BMC) in vitro in certain strain combinations of rats. Here, we have studied the alloreactivity of natural killer (NK) cells from PVG nude (RT1c) rats against a panel of major histocompatibility complex (MHC) incompatible hemic cells. Both lymphocytes and BMC from the AO (RT1u), DA (RT1a), BN (RT1n) as well as the MHC-congenic PVG-RT1u (RT1u) rat strains were efficiently killed in vitro, whereas cells from syngeneic PVG rats were spared. The structures recognized on lymphocytes and BMC were probably similar since the two cell populations inhibited each other in cross-competition experiments. A number of features aligned the alloreactive effector cells with NK cells and not T cells. (a) Only about 5% of the effector cells from nude spleens expressed the T cell antigens CD3, CD5 or T cell receptor (TcR) α/β whereas > 50% of the cells expressed markers present on NK cells (CD2, CD8, OX52 and the rat NK cell-specific marker NKR-P1 recognized by the monoclonal antibody 3.2.3). (b) The alloreactive cells were granular since pretreatment of nude spleen cells with the lysosomotropic agent L-leucine methyl ester which eliminated LGL, simultaneously abolished the cytolysis of both allogeneic lymphocytes and YAC-1 tumor cells. (c) Nude spleen cells stimulated with human recombinant interleukin 2 for 1 week in vitro generated large granular proliferating cells which were CD3−. CD5−, TcR α/β−, but > 95% 3.2.3+. These cells efficiently killed allogeneic hemic cells from the same rat strains as did freshly isolated effector cells. (d) The cytolysis of allogeneic hemic cells could effectively be inhibited with unlabelled NK-sensitive (YAC-1 and K-562), but not NK-resistant (Roser leukemia) tumor cells. Cross-competition studies showed that PVG nude NK cells discriminated between AO, BN and DA BMC, suggesting that different alloantigens were positively recognized by subsets of NK cells. The mode of inheritance of the allodeterminant specifically recognized on AO BMC was investigated in crosses and backcrosses between AO and BN or DA rats. A gene dosage effect was observed in that this determinant was expressed at a slightly reduced level in F1 hybrids. Cells from the progeny of a BN × (BN × AO) or DA × (DA × AO) backcross used as inhibitor cells showed that the inhibition of killing of AO target cells co-segregated completely with the expression of RT1u class I molecules on the inhibitor cells in 22 rats. Taken together, these results have shown that NK cells can recognize allogeneic cells in a specific manner and that one MHC haplotype is sufficient for the expression of at least one of the alloantigens recognized.

Item Type: Article
Date Type: Publication
Status: Published
Schools: Medicine
Systems Immunity Research Institute (SIURI)
Subjects: Q Science > QR Microbiology > QR180 Immunology
Publisher: John Wiley & Sons
ISSN: 0014-2980
Last Modified: 04 Jun 2017 04:13
URI: http://orca.cf.ac.uk/id/eprint/34831

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