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Technique to increase the effective length of practical earth electrodes: simulation and field test results

El Mghairbi, Ahmed, Ahmeda, Mohammad, Harid, Noureddine, Griffiths, Huw and Haddad, Abderrahmane 2013. Technique to increase the effective length of practical earth electrodes: simulation and field test results. Electric Power Systems Research 94 , pp. 99-105. 10.1016/j.epsr.2012.04.015

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Abstract

Field experiments and computer simulations of two sectionalized horizontal earth electrodes are presented. The electrodes were energized using various voltage sources (dc, and transients of different shapes), and measurements of current and voltage magnitudes along the length of the electrode were examined. Furthermore, by incrementally increasing the length of the test electrodes, the effective length of the earth electrodes was determined experimentally. The experimental and simulation results show reasonably close agreement which gives confidence in predicting the effective length. A new method is proposed to increase the effective length of the horizontal earth electrode by installing an additional insulated parallel conductor which is bonded to the horizontal electrode at points along its length. Such insulated conductor allows current to be distributed further away from the injection point without high leakage as would occur with standard horizontal electrodes buried in the ground. The results show that the current and voltage distributions are modified such that a greater length of buried conductor is utilized and that this contributes to an additional reduction in the earth impedance, and hence the earth potential rise at the point of current injection. The effect of the proposed technique is simulated on a practical wind turbine earthing design, and shows significant gains.

Item Type: Article
Date Type: Publication
Status: Published
Schools: Engineering
Subjects: T Technology > TK Electrical engineering. Electronics Nuclear engineering
Uncontrolled Keywords: Earthing; Grounding; Transients; Effective length
Publisher: Elsevier
ISSN: 0378-7796
Last Modified: 11 Nov 2017 21:32
URI: http://orca.cf.ac.uk/id/eprint/36222

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