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Clinical therapeutic evaluation of methylcysteine hydrochloride in patients with chronic obstructive bronchitis: a balanced double-blind trial with placebo control

Aylward, Mansel, Bater, P. A., Davies, D. E., Hutchings, L. A., Lewis, P. A., Maddock, J. and Protheroe, D. A. 1978. Clinical therapeutic evaluation of methylcysteine hydrochloride in patients with chronic obstructive bronchitis: a balanced double-blind trial with placebo control. Current Medical Research and Opinion 5 (6) , pp. 461-471. 10.1185/03007997809111916

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Abstract

A double-blind, between-patient, placebo controlled trial was carried out to investigate the effects of methylcysteine hydrochloride in patients with chronic obstructive bronchitis. After a 2-week washout period on placebo, 30 patients were allocated at random to treatment for 6 weeks with either methylcysteine (1200 mg daily in Week 1, 800 mg daily in Week 2, then 600 mg daily) or with identical placebo tablets on the same regimen. During the post-treatment period, all patients returned to a single-blind placebo regimen (6 tablets daily) for a further 14 days. Assessments were made at the start, at regular intervals during the trial, and at the end of the post-treatment period, of subjective and objective measures of clinical response, and measurements of pulmonary function and certain physico-chemical properties of sputum. The results showed that methylcysteine increased sputum volume, reduced the viscidity of sputum, and significantly improved the subjective assessments of ease of expectoration and severity and frequency of cough, leading to a definite improvement in the patients' clinical state. No side-effects of clinical significance were reported and no abnormalities were found in any of the haematological, hepatic and renal function tests carried out.

Item Type: Article
Date Type: Publication
Status: Published
Schools: Medicine
Subjects: R Medicine > R Medicine (General)
R Medicine > RM Therapeutics. Pharmacology
Uncontrolled Keywords: methylcysteine, cysteine, bronchitis, mucolytic agents
Publisher: Informa Healthcare
ISSN: 0300-7995
Last Modified: 04 Jun 2017 04:18
URI: http://orca.cf.ac.uk/id/eprint/36544

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